A beta-adrenergic receptor kinase-like enzyme is involved in olfactory signal termination.
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We have previously shown that second-messenger-dependent kinases (cAMP-dependent kinase, protein kinase C) in the olfactory system are essential in terminating second-messenger signaling in response to odorants. We now document that subtype 2 of the beta-adrenergic receptor kinase (beta ARK) is also involved in this process. By using subtype-specific antibodies to beta ARK-1 and beta ARK-2, we show that beta ARK-2 is preferentially expressed in the olfactory epithelium in contrast to findings in most other tissues. Heparin, an inhibitor of beta ARK, as well as anti-beta ARK-2 antibodies, (i) completely prevents the rapid decline of second-messenger signals (desensitization) that follows odorant stimulation and (ii) strongly inhibits odorant-induced phosphorylation of olfactory ciliary proteins. In contrast, beta ARK-1 antibodies are without effect. Inhibitors of protein kinase A and protein kinase C also block odorant-induced desensitization and phosphorylation. These data suggest that a sequential interplay of second-messenger-dependent and receptor-specific kinases is functionally involved in olfactory desensitization.
Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Receptors, Adrenergic, beta
beta-Adrenergic Receptor Kinases
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James B. Duke Distinguished Professor of Medicine
The focus of work in this laboratory is on the elucidation of the molecular properties and regulatory mechanisms controlling the function of G protein-coupled receptors. As model systems we utilize the so called adrenergic receptors for adrenaline and related molecules. The goal is to learn the general principles of signal transduction from the outside to the inside of the cell which are involved in systems as diverse as sensory perception, neuro- transmitter and hormonal signaling. Stud
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