A beta-adrenergic receptor kinase-like enzyme is involved in olfactory signal termination.
Repository Usage Stats
We have previously shown that second-messenger-dependent kinases (cAMP-dependent kinase, protein kinase C) in the olfactory system are essential in terminating second-messenger signaling in response to odorants. We now document that subtype 2 of the beta-adrenergic receptor kinase (beta ARK) is also involved in this process. By using subtype-specific antibodies to beta ARK-1 and beta ARK-2, we show that beta ARK-2 is preferentially expressed in the olfactory epithelium in contrast to findings in most other tissues. Heparin, an inhibitor of beta ARK, as well as anti-beta ARK-2 antibodies, (i) completely prevents the rapid decline of second-messenger signals (desensitization) that follows odorant stimulation and (ii) strongly inhibits odorant-induced phosphorylation of olfactory ciliary proteins. In contrast, beta ARK-1 antibodies are without effect. Inhibitors of protein kinase A and protein kinase C also block odorant-induced desensitization and phosphorylation. These data suggest that a sequential interplay of second-messenger-dependent and receptor-specific kinases is functionally involved in olfactory desensitization.
Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Receptors, Adrenergic, beta
beta-Adrenergic Receptor Kinases
More InfoShow full item record
James B. Duke Distinguished Professor of Medicine
Dr. Lefkowitz’s memoir, A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to Stockholm, recounts his early career as a cardiologist and his transition to biochemistry, which led to his Nobel Prize win. Robert J. Lefkowitz, M.D. is James B. Duke Professor of Medicine and Professor of Biochemistry and Chemistry at the Duke University Medical Center. He has been an Investigator of the
Showing items related by title, author, creator, and subject.
MEK inhibitors, novel anti-adhesive molecules, reduce sickle red blood cell adhesion in vitro and in vivo, and vasoocclusion in vivo. Zennadi, Rahima (PLoS One, 2014)In sickle cell disease, sickle erythrocyte (SSRBC) interacts with endothelial cells, leukocytes, and platelets, and activates coagulation and inflammation, promoting vessel obstruction, which leads to serious life-threatening ...
Hybrid transgenic mice reveal in vivo specificity of G protein-coupled receptor kinases in the heart. Eckhart, AD; Duncan, SJ; Penn, RB; Benovic, JL; Lefkowitz, RJ; Koch, WJ (Circ Res, 2000-01-07)G protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs) phosphorylate activated G protein-coupled receptors, including alpha(1B)-adrenergic receptors (ARs), resulting in desensitization. In vivo analysis of GRK substrate selectivity has ...
Oppermann, M; Diversé-Pierluissi, M; Drazner, MH; Dyer, SL; Freedman, NJ; Peppel, KC; Lefkowitz, RJ (Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 1996-07-23)Guanine nucleotide-binding regulatory protein (G protein)-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs) constitute a family of serine/threonine kinases that play a major role in the agonist-induced phosphorylation and desensitization ...