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Contesting market-based conservation: Payments for ecosystem services as a surface of engagement for rural social movements in Mexico

dc.contributor.author Shapiro-Garza, E
dc.date.accessioned 2013-11-19T18:08:28Z
dc.date.issued 2013
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/8102
dc.description.abstract The Mexican National Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) programs, which provide financial incentives for rural landholders to conserve forest, were originally designed under the logic of market-based conservation. Based on a multi-sited, multi scalar ethnography of the Mexican national PES programs, this article examines the process through which a national rural social movement was able to redefine the market-based narrative of PES, the historical and political context that provided this window of opportunity, and the ways in which their engagement led to a hybridization of the policy itself. The involvement of the rural social movement introduced a very different conception of PES – as a recognition by Mexico’s federal state and urban society of the value of campesino environmental stewardship and an economic support to allow them to remain on the land. Their direct involvement in the redesign of the programs had a significant impact on their conformation that reflected this vision of revaluing the rural: the inclusion of agroforests and sustainably managed timber lands; requirements for self-defined forest management plans; provision of dedicated funding for technical assistance; and the training of local extensionists. I believe that in mapping the evolution of the Mexican national PES program we can begin to see how, in this particular place and time, rural social movements employed PES as a "useful surface of engagement" (Escobar 1999, p. 13) for contesting the market-based notions of the federal state, international lending institutions and conservation NGOs. I position this analysis in the context of the global project of “grabbing green” and as an example of the frictions that can inhibit and even partially reverse the logic of the seemingly inexorable rise of market-based conservation policy and projects.
dc.language English
dc.relation.ispartof Human Geography: a new radical journal
dc.subject market-based; environmental policy; payments for ecosystem services; rural social movements; Mexico; Latin America.
dc.subject Market-based
dc.subject Environmental policy
dc.subject payments for ecosystem services
dc.subject rural social movements
dc.subject Mexico
dc.subject Latin America
dc.subject social movement theory
dc.subject critical theory
dc.subject neoliberal
dc.subject discourse analysis
dc.title Contesting market-based conservation: Payments for ecosystem services as a surface of engagement for rural social movements in Mexico
dc.type Journal article
pubs.begin-page 134
pubs.end-page 150
pubs.issue 1
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Duke Science & Society
pubs.organisational-group Environmental Sciences and Policy
pubs.organisational-group Initiatives
pubs.organisational-group Institutes and Provost's Academic Units
pubs.organisational-group Nicholas School of the Environment
pubs.volume 6


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