||<p>This thesis tries to explore the nature of Chinese Communists' claim to represent
the people. Although China has never established a Western-style representative government
based on elections, it has its own theory of representation. By comparing the Chinese
theory with the theories about representation of Western thinkers such as the Liberals,
Burke, and Rousseau, it can be found that although China's theory is different from
the Liberal views, it has illuminating similarities with Burke's and Rousseau's theories.
On the other hand, it contains distinctive characters, including the role of vanguard,
and masses campaigns as means of representation.</p>