Communications-inspired projection design with application to compressive sensing
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We consider the recovery of an underlying signal x ∈ ℂm based on projection measurements of the form y = Mx+w, where y ∈ ℂℓ and w is measurement noise; we are interested in the case ℓ ≪ m. It is assumed that the signal model p(x) is known and that w ~ CN(w; 0,Σw) for known Σ w. The objective is to design a projection matrix M ∈ ℂℓ×m to maximize key information-theoretic quantities with operational significance, including the mutual information between the signal and the projections I(x; y) or the Rényi entropy of the projections hα (y) (Shannon entropy is a special case). By capitalizing on explicit characterizations of the gradients of the information measures with respect to the projection matrix, where we also partially extend the well-known results of Palomar and Verdu ́ from the mutual information to the Rényi entropy domain, we reveal the key operations carried out by the optimal projection designs: mode exposure and mode alignment. Experiments are considered for the case of compressive sensing (CS) applied to imagery. In this context, we provide a demonstration of the performance improvement possible through the application of the novel projection designs in relation to conventional ones, as well as justification for a fast online projection design method with which state-of-the-art adaptive CS signal recovery is achieved. © 2012 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1137/120878380
Publication InfoCalderbank, R; Carin, Lawrence; Carson, WR; Chen, M; & Rodrigues, Miguel (2012). Communications-inspired projection design with application to compressive sensing. SIAM Journal on Imaging Sciences, 5(4). pp. 1182-1212. 10.1137/120878380. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/8952.
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Charles S. Sydnor Professor of Computer Science
Robert Calderbank is Director of the Information Initiative at Duke University, where he is Professor of Electrical Engineering, Computer Science and Mathematics. He joined Duke in 2010, completed a 3 year term as Dean of Natural Sciences in August 2013, and also served as Interim Director of the Duke Initiative in Innovation and Entrepreneurship in 2012. Before joining Duke he was Professor of Electrical Engineering and Mathematics at Princeton University where he also directed the Program i
James L. Meriam Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Lawrence Carin earned the BS, MS, and PhD degrees in electrical engineering at the University of Maryland, College Park, in 1985, 1986, and 1989, respectively. In 1989 he joined the Electrical Engineering Department at Polytechnic University (Brooklyn) as an Assistant Professor, and became an Associate Professor there in 1994. In September 1995 he joined the Electrical Engineering Department at Duke University, where he is now a Professor, and Vice Provost for Research. From 2003-2014 he held th
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