Waveguide QED: Many-body bound-state effects in coherent and Fock-state scattering from a two-level system
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Strong coupling between a two-level system (TLS) and bosonic modes produces dramatic quantum optics effects. We consider a one-dimensional continuum of bosons coupled to a single localized TLS, a system which may be realized in a variety of plasmonic, photonic, or electronic contexts. We present the exact many-body scattering eigenstate obtained by imposing open boundary conditions. Multiphoton bound states appear in the scattering of two or more photons due to the coupling between the photons and the TLS. Such bound states are shown to have a large effect on scattering of both Fock- and coherent-state wave packets, especially in the intermediate coupling-strength regime. We compare the statistics of the transmitted light with a coherent state having the same mean photon number: as the interaction strength increases, the one-photon probability is suppressed rapidly, and the two- and three-photon probabilities are greatly enhanced due to the many-body bound states. This results in non-Poissonian light. © 2010 The American Physical Society.
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1103/PhysRevA.82.063816
Publication InfoZheng, H; Gauthier, DJ; & Baranger, HU (2010). Waveguide QED: Many-body bound-state effects in coherent and Fock-state scattering from a two-level system. Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, 82(6). pp. 063816-1. 10.1103/PhysRevA.82.063816. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/8974.
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Professor of Physics
The broad focus of Prof. Baranger's group is quantum open systems at the nanoscale, particularly the generation of correlation between particles in such systems. Fundamental interest in nanophysics-- the physics of small, nanometer scale, bits of solid-- stems from the ability to control and probe systems on length scales larger than atoms but small enough that the averaging inherent in bulk properties has not yet occurred. Using this ability, entirely unanticipated phenomena ca
Research Professor of Physics
Prof. Gauthier is interested in a broad range of topics in the fields of nonlinear and quantum optics, and nonlinear dynamical systems. In the area of optical physics, his group is studying the fundamental characteristics of highly nonlinear light-matter interactions at both the classical and quantum levels and is using this understanding to develop practical devices. At the quantum level, his group has three major efforts in the area of quantum communication and networking. I
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