A 3D Active Microwave Imaging System for Breast Cancer Screening
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A 3D microwave imaging system suitable for clinical trials has been developed. The anatomy, histology, and pathology of breast cancer were all carefully considered in the development of this system. The central component of this system is a breast imaging chamber with an integrated 3D antenna array containing 36 custom designed bowtie patch antennas that radiate efficiently into human breast tissue. 3D full-wave finite element method models of this imaging chamber, complete with full antenna geometry, have been developed using Ansoft HFSS and verified experimentally. In addition, an electronic switching system using Gallium Arsenide (GaAs) absorptive RF multiplexer chips, a custom hardware control system with a parallel port interface utilizing TTL logic, and a custom software package with graphical user interface using Java and LabVIEW have all been developed. Finally, modeling of the breast (both healthy and malignant) was done using published data of the dielectric properties of human tissue, confirming the feasibility of cancer detection using this system.
DepartmentElectrical and Computer Engineering
SubjectEngineering, Electronics and Electrical
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Rights for Collection: Duke Dissertations