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Solution Aversion: On the Relation Between Ideology and Motivated Disbelief

dc.contributor.author Campbell, T
dc.contributor.author Kay, A
dc.date.accessioned 2014-11-11T16:00:26Z
dc.date.issued 2014-11-06
dc.identifier.issn 1939-1315
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10161/9256
dc.description.abstract There is often a curious distinction between what the scientific community and the general population believe to be true of dire scientific issues, and this skepticism tends to vary markedly across groups. For instance, in the case of climate change, Republicans (conservatives) are especially skeptical of the relevant science, particularly when they are compared with Democrats (liberals). What causes such radical group differences? We suggest, as have previous accounts, that this phenomenon is often motivated. However, the source of this motivation is not necessarily an aversion to the problem, per se, but an aversion to the solutions associated with the problem. This difference in underlying process holds important implications for understanding, predicting, and influencing motivated skepticism. In 4 studies, we tested this solution aversion explanation for why people are often so divided over evidence and why this divide often occurs so saliently across political party lines. Studies 1, 2, and 3— using correlational and experimental methodologies— demonstrated that Republicans’ increased skepticism toward environmental sciences may be partly attributable to a conflict between specific ideological values and the most popularly discussed environmental solutions. Study 4 found that, in a different domain (crime), those holding a more liberal ideology (support for gun control) also show skepticism motivated by solution aversion.
dc.language English
dc.publisher American Psychological Association
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1037/a0037963
dc.title Solution Aversion: On the Relation Between Ideology and Motivated Disbelief
dc.type Journal article
pubs.begin-page 809
pubs.end-page 824
pubs.issue 5
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Staff
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 107


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