Spanning the scales of granular materials through microscopic force imaging.
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If you walk on sand, it supports your weight. How do the disordered forces between particles in sand organize, to keep you from sinking? This simple question is surprisingly difficult to answer experimentally: measuring forces in three dimensions, between deeply buried grains, is challenging. Here we describe experiments in which we have succeeded in measuring forces inside a granular packing subject to controlled deformations. We connect the measured micro-scale forces to the macro-scale packing force response with an averaging, mean field calculation. This calculation explains how the combination of packing structure and contact deformations produce the observed nontrivial mechanical response of the packing, revealing a surprising microscopic particle deformation enhancement mechanism.
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1038/ncomms7361
Publication InfoBrodu, Nicolas; Dijksman, Joshua A; & Behringer, Robert P (2015). Spanning the scales of granular materials through microscopic force imaging. Nat Commun, 6. pp. 6361. 10.1038/ncomms7361. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/9502.
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James B. Duke Professor of Physics
Dr. Behringer's research interests include granular materials: friction, earthquakes, jamming; nonlinear dynamics; and fluids: Rayleigh-Benard convection, the flow of thin liquid films, porous media flow, and quantum fluids. His studies focus particularly on experiments (with some theory/simulation) that yield new insights into the dynamics and complex behavior of these systems. His experiments involve a number of highly novel approaches, including the use of photoelasticity for probing granular
This author no longer has a Scholars@Duke profile, so the information shown here reflects their Duke status at the time this item was deposited.