||Use of effective communication techniques can greatly facilitate the process of receiving
Section 102(2) of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, as amended (NEPA)
offers a chance for members of the public to be involved in the Federal agency decision
process. It requires a federal agency to consider the impacts of their undertaking
resources areas to include social, cultural, economic and natural environments. Regulation
implementing NEPA Section 102(2) is provided in the Council on Environmental Quality’s
(CEQ’s) regulations in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Title 40, Part 1500
1500). CEQ’s regulation at 40 CFR 1500.2(d) requires federal agencies to encourage
facilitate public involvement in decisions which affect the quality of the human environment.
addition to being mandated by federal regulation, these interactions can be beneficial
preparing agency during the gathering and assessing information phase of the federal
This paper looks at: the role and importance of stakeholder interactions and input,
benefits of information exchanges, and various techniques to enhance communication
participating stakeholders. To illustrate these points, real world examples are presented.
Additionally, how current and future environmental reviews can benefit from using
techniques, throughout the NEPA process.