Show simple item record

Cumulative exposure to traumatic events in older adults.

dc.contributor.author Ogle, Christin
dc.contributor.author Rubin, David C
dc.contributor.author Siegler, Ilene C
dc.coverage.spatial England
dc.date.accessioned 2015-05-12T14:18:01Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24011223
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10161/9760
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVES: The present study examined the impact of cumulative trauma exposure on current posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity in a nonclinical sample of adults in their 60s. The predictive utility of cumulative trauma exposure was compared to other known predictors of PTSD, including trauma severity, personality traits, social support, and event centrality. METHOD: Community-dwelling adults (n = 2515) from the crest of the Baby Boom generation completed the Traumatic Life Events Questionnaire, the PTSD Checklist, the NEO Personality Inventory, the Centrality of Event Scale, and rated their current social support. RESULTS: Cumulative trauma exposure predicted greater PTSD symptom severity in hierarchical regression analyses consistent with a dose-response model. Neuroticism and event centrality also emerged as robust predictors of PTSD symptom severity. In contrast, the severity of individuals' single most distressing life event, as measured by self-report ratings of the A1 PTSD diagnostic criterion, did not add explanatory variance to the model. Analyses concerning event categories revealed that cumulative exposure to childhood violence and adulthood physical assaults were most strongly associated with PTSD symptom severity in older adulthood. Moreover, cumulative self-oriented events accounted for a larger percentage of variance in symptom severity compared to events directed at others. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that the cumulative impact of exposure to traumatic events throughout the life course contributes significantly to posttraumatic stress in older adulthood above and beyond other known predictors of PTSD.
dc.language eng
dc.relation.ispartof Aging Ment Health
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1080/13607863.2013.832730
dc.subject Aged
dc.subject Checklist
dc.subject Cumulative Trauma Disorders
dc.subject Female
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Male
dc.subject Middle Aged
dc.subject North Carolina
dc.subject Severity of Illness Index
dc.subject Social Support
dc.subject Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
dc.subject Surveys and Questionnaires
dc.title Cumulative exposure to traumatic events in older adults.
dc.type Journal article
pubs.author-url http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24011223
pubs.begin-page 316
pubs.end-page 325
pubs.issue 3
pubs.organisational-group Clinical Science Departments
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Duke Institute for Brain Sciences
pubs.organisational-group Institutes and Provost's Academic Units
pubs.organisational-group Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences
pubs.organisational-group Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Behavioral Medicine
pubs.organisational-group Psychology and Neuroscience
pubs.organisational-group School of Medicine
pubs.organisational-group Trinity College of Arts & Sciences
pubs.organisational-group University Institutes and Centers
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 18
dc.identifier.eissn 1364-6915


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record