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The impact of the developmental timing of trauma exposure on PTSD symptoms and psychosocial functioning among older adults.

dc.contributor.author Ogle, Christin
dc.contributor.author Rubin, David C
dc.contributor.author Siegler, Ilene C
dc.coverage.spatial United States
dc.date.accessioned 2015-05-12T14:35:04Z
dc.date.issued 2013-11
dc.identifier http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23458662
dc.identifier 2013-06770-001
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10161/9772
dc.description.abstract The present study examined the impact of the developmental timing of trauma exposure on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and psychosocial functioning in a large sample of community-dwelling older adults (N = 1,995). Specifically, we investigated whether the negative consequences of exposure to traumatic events were greater for traumas experienced during childhood, adolescence, young adulthood, midlife, or older adulthood. Each of these developmental periods is characterized by age-related changes in cognitive and social processes that may influence psychological adjustment following trauma exposure. Results revealed that older adults who experienced their currently most distressing traumatic event during childhood exhibited more severe symptoms of PTSD and lower subjective happiness compared with older adults who experienced their most distressing trauma after the transition to adulthood. Similar findings emerged for measures of social support and coping ability. The differential effects of childhood compared with later life traumas were not fully explained by differences in cumulative trauma exposure or by differences in the objective and subjective characteristics of the events. Our findings demonstrate the enduring nature of traumatic events encountered early in the life course and underscore the importance of examining the developmental context of trauma exposure in investigations of the long-term consequences of traumatic experiences.
dc.language eng
dc.relation.ispartof Dev Psychol
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1037/a0031985
dc.subject Adaptation, Psychological
dc.subject Adolescent
dc.subject Adult
dc.subject Aged
dc.subject Analysis of Variance
dc.subject Child
dc.subject Child, Preschool
dc.subject Cohort Studies
dc.subject Female
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Life Change Events
dc.subject Male
dc.subject Middle Aged
dc.subject Prevalence
dc.subject Social Support
dc.subject Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
dc.subject Surveys and Questionnaires
dc.subject Trauma Severity Indices
dc.subject Young Adult
dc.title The impact of the developmental timing of trauma exposure on PTSD symptoms and psychosocial functioning among older adults.
dc.type Journal article
pubs.author-url http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23458662
pubs.begin-page 2191
pubs.end-page 2200
pubs.issue 11
pubs.organisational-group Clinical Science Departments
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Duke Institute for Brain Sciences
pubs.organisational-group Institutes and Provost's Academic Units
pubs.organisational-group Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences
pubs.organisational-group Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Behavioral Medicine
pubs.organisational-group Psychology and Neuroscience
pubs.organisational-group School of Medicine
pubs.organisational-group Trinity College of Arts & Sciences
pubs.organisational-group University Institutes and Centers
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 49
dc.identifier.eissn 1939-0599


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