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Autobiographical memory for stressful events: the role of autobiographical memory in posttraumatic stress disorder.

dc.contributor.author Rubin, David C
dc.contributor.author Dennis, Michelle F
dc.contributor.author Beckham, Jean C
dc.coverage.spatial United States
dc.date.accessioned 2015-05-12T14:48:14Z
dc.date.issued 2011-09
dc.identifier http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21489820
dc.identifier S1053-8100(11)00086-9
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/9774
dc.description.abstract To provide the three-way comparisons needed to test existing theories, we compared (1) most-stressful memories to other memories and (2) involuntary to voluntary memories (3) in 75 community dwelling adults with and 42 without a current diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Each rated their three most-stressful, three most-positive, seven most-important and 15 word-cued autobiographical memories, and completed tests of personality and mood. Involuntary memories were then recorded and rated as they occurred for 2 weeks. Standard mechanisms of cognition and affect applied to extreme events accounted for the properties of stressful memories. Involuntary memories had greater emotional intensity than voluntary memories, but were not more frequently related to traumatic events. The emotional intensity, rehearsal, and centrality to the life story of both voluntary and involuntary memories, rather than incoherence of voluntary traumatic memories and enhanced availability of involuntary traumatic memories, were the properties of autobiographical memories associated with PTSD.
dc.language eng
dc.publisher Elsevier BV
dc.relation.ispartof Conscious Cogn
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1016/j.concog.2011.03.015
dc.subject Case-Control Studies
dc.subject Cues
dc.subject Female
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Life Change Events
dc.subject Male
dc.subject Memory, Episodic
dc.subject Middle Aged
dc.subject Models, Psychological
dc.subject Personality Inventory
dc.subject Psychological Tests
dc.subject Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
dc.subject Surveys and Questionnaires
dc.title Autobiographical memory for stressful events: the role of autobiographical memory in posttraumatic stress disorder.
dc.type Journal article
duke.contributor.id Rubin, David C|0096042
duke.contributor.id Beckham, Jean C|0105598
pubs.author-url http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21489820
pubs.begin-page 840
pubs.end-page 856
pubs.issue 3
pubs.organisational-group Clinical Science Departments
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Duke Institute for Brain Sciences
pubs.organisational-group Institutes and Provost's Academic Units
pubs.organisational-group Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences
pubs.organisational-group Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Behavioral Medicine
pubs.organisational-group Psychology and Neuroscience
pubs.organisational-group School of Medicine
pubs.organisational-group Trinity College of Arts & Sciences
pubs.organisational-group University Institutes and Centers
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 20
dc.identifier.eissn 1090-2376


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