||Since 2003, Duke’s sustainable buildings policy has required that all new and retrofit
buildings be LEED certified at a minimum, while “every reasonable effort will be made
to achieve silver or higher ratings.” As Duke University strives to achieve its commitments
to become carbon neutral, green building will play an increasingly important role
for campus sustainability. However, to date Duke has conducted no internal evaluations
of the LEED process, and recent reviews of LEED scorecards show that Duke green buildings
are achieving the least points possible in the energy category.
Using qualitative interviews and case studies of LEED certified buildings, this study
aims to evaluate the green building design and implementation process at Duke, and
to provide useful feedback for improvements that might aid in the decision-making
process. The results of this study emerged under five themes: (1) Environmental goals,
(2) Motivation and perceptions, (3) Methods and criterion for financial analysis,
(4) Communication and interaction of stakeholders, and (5) Timeliness. The results
were analyzed from a Conventional versus Integrated Design framework, and concluding
recommendations were made that would increase the practice of integrated design.