Tissue-Specific Influence on Developmental Modulation in Response to Phosphate Deprivation in Arabidopsis thaliana Roots
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Roots are developmentally plastic and highly dependent on the immediate environment. By studying root responses to abiotic stress, we have identified novel regulators of developmental modulation. When roots are deprived of phosphate (Pi), developmental programs are modulated to slow primary root growth and expand surface area through emergence of root hairs. By focusing on exposure time-periods of less than two days, we have described very early changes to root development in response to this condition that may reveal new mechanisms of root hair specification and emergence. Also, using transcriptomic analyses with high spatial resolution, we identified a kinase that is specifically induced in root vascular tissue within three hours of exposure and acts to modulate aspects of root development in response to deprivation of Pi. These data suggest that individual tissues play unique roles in whole organ development, and that interpretation of Pi -deprivation responses may change as we develop methods with resolution necessary to understand these roles. Beyond Pi, we compared transcriptomic data for four additional stresses and identified a novel stress-responsive transcription factor that modulates expression of a cell expansion protein. This putative network connection demonstrates the value of using high-dimensional data for inference of regulatory relationships. Overall, we have combined "-omics" approaches with reverse genetics to identify novel developmental regulators and described a phenotypic frame-work with resolution at which cellular mechanisms can be studied.
Cederholm, Heidi Mae (2013). Tissue-Specific Influence on Developmental Modulation in Response to Phosphate Deprivation in Arabidopsis thaliana Roots. Dissertation, Duke University. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/7207.
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