Immune Reconstitution and Survival of 100 SCID Patients Post Hematopoietic Cell Transplant: A PIDTC Natural History Study.


The Primary Immune Deficiency Treatment Consortium (PIDTC) is enrolling children with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) to a prospective natural history study. We analyzed patients treated with allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) from 2010-2014, including 68 with typical SCID and 32 with leaky SCID, Omenn Syndrome or Reticular Dysgenesis. Most (59%) were diagnosed by newborn screening or family history. The 2-year overall survival (OS) was 90%but was 95% for those infection-free at HCT vs. 81% for those with active infection (p=0.009). Other factors, including the diagnosis of typical vs. leaky SCID/Omenn Syndrome, diagnosis via family history or newborn screening (FH/NBS), use of preparative chemotherapy, or the type of donor utilized did not impact survival. While 1-year post-HCT median CD4 counts and freedom from IVIG were improved after use of preparative chemotherapy, other immunologic reconstitution parameters were not affected and the potential for late sequelae in extremely young infants requires further evaluation. Following a T-cell-replete graft, landmark analysis at Day +100 post-HCT revealed that CD3 <300 cells/uL, CD8 <50 cells/uL, CD45RA <10%, or a restricted Vβ T cell receptor repertoire (<13 of 24 families) was associated with need for second HCT or death. In the modern era, active infection continues to pose the greatest threat to survival for SCID patients. Although NBS has been effective in diagnosing SCID patients early in life, there is an urgent need to identify validated approaches through prospective trials to ensure that patients proceed to HCT infection free. The trial is registered at as NCT01186913.






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Publication Info

Heimall, Jennifer, Brent R Logan, Morton J Cowan, Luigi D Notarangelo, Linda M Griffith, Jennifer M Puck, Donald B Kohn, Michael A Pulsipher, et al. (2017). Immune Reconstitution and Survival of 100 SCID Patients Post Hematopoietic Cell Transplant: A PIDTC Natural History Study. Blood. 10.1182/blood-2017-05-781849 Retrieved from

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Rebecca Hatcher Buckley

James Buren Sidbury Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Pediatrics, in the School of Medicine

The overall emphasis of Dr. Buckley's research is in human T,B and NK cell development and in aberrations in their development and regulation. The work involves three particular areas of investigation: 1) the cellular and molecular bases of genetically-determined human immunodeficiency diseases, 2) the use of bone marrow stem cells to cure genetically-determined immunodeficiency diseases, and 3) the use of human SCID bone marrow stem cell chimeras to study human thymic education, T and B cell ontogeny, tolerance induction and MHC restriction mechanisms. Methodology includes monoclonal antibody (mAb) analyses of lymphocyte phenotypes, a variety of T cell and natural killer (NK) cell functional assays, studies of thymic output by T cell receptor recombination excision circle measurement, studies of T cell diversity by spectratyping, studies of T cell longevity by telomere analysis and assessment of B cell differentiation and function. A unique resource available for her studies is the largest population of patients with genetically-determined immunodeficiency diseases in the U.S., which includes the largest population in the world of longterm SCID chimeras treated at a single center, some of whom have been studied and followed for more than 37 years. The administration of rigorously T cell depleted haploidentical bone marrow stem cells to SCID recipients without pre-transplant conditioning or post-transplant use of immunosuppressive drugs to prevent GVHD provides an unmanipulated system for studying human thymic education, T and B cell ontogeny, MHC restriction mechanisms and tolerance induction. Studies to identify mutations in patients with primary immunodeficiency are continuing, particularly in those with SCID.

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