Evaluating the Effectiveness of Deltamethrin and Permethrin in the Northern Peruvian Amazon

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2017

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Abstract

The Loreto Region of Peru has the highest malaria rates in the country. Insecticide treated nets are one of the best prevention malaria prevention methods. Deltamethrin and permethrin are two of the most commonly used insecticides for treating bed nets, however insects are known to develop resistance to these insecticides. This study aims to compare deltamethrin and permethrin in the Northern Peruvian Amazon. This study examines the effectiveness of deltamethrin and permethrin in decreases the number of the malaria vector, the Anopheles mosquito, all mosquitos, and all insects in homes that use insecticide treated nets that have been treated with either deltamethrin or permethrin. Insects were collected using CDC light traps that were hung next to bed nets. Regressions were run after collecting insects that examine the decrease in number of insects in the homes, and odds ratios were calculated looking at the odds of seeing a decrease in number of insects in homes that received either a deltamethrin or permethrin treated net. This study provides insight as to whether deltamethrin or permethrin is a more effective insecticide in treated bed nets in the Northern Peruvian Amazon.

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Monahan, Elizabeth Ann (2017). Evaluating the Effectiveness of Deltamethrin and Permethrin in the Northern Peruvian Amazon. Master's thesis, Duke University. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/15232.

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