Iron Age Landscapes of the Benue River Valley, Cameroon

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The Iron Age settlements of northern Cameroon were dispersed across the landscape, taking advantage of different eco-climatic zones to exploit a variety of natural resources. Situated at the interface of the upper and lower terraces of the Benue River, mound sites in the area around Garoua have occupation histories spanning multiple centuries. The site of Langui-Tchéboua displays evidence for rapid accumulation of sediments approximately 700 years ago, which may have been a deliberate construction strategy that would have allowed the site’s inhabitants to exploit resources in both floodplain and dryland contexts. The combined use of multiple dating methods and micromorphology provide novel insights into both the mechanisms of anthropogenic landscape change and possible motivations governing those choices.





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Wright, DK, S MacEachern, J Choi, J Choi, C Lang and JD Djoussou (2017). Iron Age Landscapes of the Benue River Valley, Cameroon. Journal of Field Archaeology, 42(5). pp. 394–407. 10.1080/00934690.2017.1358017 Retrieved from

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Scott MacEachern

Vice Chancellor of Academic Affairs at Duke Kunshan University

Africanist archaeologist, with research interests in Central/West African archaeology, state formation and archaeogenetics.

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