Politics by number: Indicators as social pressure in international relations
Repository Usage Stats
The ability to monitor state behavior has become a critical tool of international governance. Systematic monitoring allows for the creation of numerical indicators that can be used to rank, compare, and essentially censure states. This article argues that the ability to disseminate such numerical indicators widely and instantly constitutes an exercise of social power, with the potential to change important policy outputs. It explores this argument in the context of the United States' efforts to combat trafficking in persons and find evidence that monitoring has important effects: Countries are more likely to criminalize human trafficking when they are included in the U.S. annual Trafficking in Persons Report, and countries that are placed on a "watch list" are also more likely to criminalize. These findings have broad implications for international governance and the exercise of soft power in the global information age. © 2014 Midwest Political Science Association.
Published Version (Please cite this version)
Kelley, Judith, and BA Simmons (2014). Politics by number: Indicators as social pressure in international relations. American Journal of Political Science. 10.1111/ajps.12119 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/12525.
This is constructed from limited available data and may be imprecise. To cite this article, please review & use the official citation provided by the journal.
Unless otherwise indicated, scholarly articles published by Duke faculty members are made available here with a CC-BY-NC (Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial) license, as enabled by the Duke Open Access Policy. If you wish to use the materials in ways not already permitted under CC-BY-NC, please consult the copyright owner. Other materials are made available here through the author’s grant of a non-exclusive license to make their work openly accessible.