CCDC62/ERAP75 functions as a coactivator to enhance estrogen receptor beta-mediated transactivation and target gene expression in prostate cancer cells.

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Human prostate cancer (PCa) and prostate epithelial cells predominantly express estrogen receptor (ER) beta, but not ERalpha. ERbeta might utilize various ER coregulators to mediate the E2-signaling pathway in PCa. Here, we identified coiled-coil domain containing 62 (CCDC62)/ERAP75 as a novel ER coactivator. CCDC62/ERAP75 is widely expressed in PCa cell lines and has low expression in MCF7 cells. Both in vitro and in vivo interaction assays using mammalian two-hybrid, glutathione S-transferase pull-down and coimmunoprecipitation methods proved that ERbeta can interact with the C-terminus of CCDC62/ERAP75 via the ligand-binding domain. The first LXXLL motif within CCDC62/ERAP75 is required for the interaction between ERbeta and CCDC62/ERAP75. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay showed that CCDC62/ERAP75 can be recruited by the estrogen response element-ER complex in the presence of ligand. Furthermore, a chromatin immunoprecipitation assay demonstrated the hormone-dependent recruitment of CCDC62/ERAP75 within the promoter of the estrogen-responsive gene cyclin D1. In addition, using silencing RNA (siRNA) against endogeneous CCDC62/ERAP75, we demonstrated that inhibition of endogenous CCDC62/ERAP75 results in the suppression of ERbeta-mediated transactivation as well as target gene expression in LNCaP cells. More importantly, using the tet-on overexpression system, we showed that induced expression of CCDC62/ERAP75 can enhance the E2-regulated cyclin D1 expression and cell growth in LNCaP cells. Together, our results revealed the role of CCDC62/ERAP75 as a novel coactivator in PCa cells that can modulate ERbeta transactivation and receptor function.





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Chen, Ming, Jing Ni, Hong-Chiang Chang, Chen-Yong Lin, Mesut Muyan and Shuyuan Yeh (2009). CCDC62/ERAP75 functions as a coactivator to enhance estrogen receptor beta-mediated transactivation and target gene expression in prostate cancer cells. Carcinogenesis, 30(5). pp. 841–850. 10.1093/carcin/bgn288 Retrieved from

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Ming Chen

Associate Professor in Pathology

Our laboratory is interested in understanding the molecular and genetic events underlying cancer progression and metastasis. The focus of our work is a series of genetically engineered mouse models that faithfully recapitulate human disease. Using a combination of mouse genetics, omics technologies, cross-species analyses and in vitro approaches, we aim to identify cancer cell–intrinsic and –extrinsic mechanisms driving metastatic cancer progression, with a long–term goal of developing new therapeutic strategies for preventing and treating metastatic disease. 

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