Implications of troponin testing in clinical medicine.

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2001-01

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Abstract

During the past decade considerable research has been conducted into the use of cardiac troponins, their diagnostic capability and their potential to allow risk stratification in patients with acute chest pain. Determination of risk in patients with suspected myocardial ischaemia is known to be as important as retrospective confirmation of a diagnosis of myocardial infarction (MI). Therefore, creatine kinase (CK)-MB - the former 'gold standard' in detecting myocardial necrosis - has been supplanted by new, more accurate biomarkers.Measurement of cardiac troponin levels constitute a substantial determinant in assessment of ischaemic heart disease, the presentations of which range from silent ischaemia to acute MI. Under these conditions, troponin release is regarded as surrogate marker of thrombus formation and peripheral embolization, and therefore new therapeutic strategies are focusing on potent antithrombotic regimens to improve long-term outcomes. Although elevated troponin levels are highly sensitive and specific indicators of myocardial damage, they are not always reflective of acute ischaemic coronary artery disease; other processes have been identified that cause elevations in these biomarkers. However, because prognosis appears to be related to the presence of troponins regardless of the mechanism of myocardial damage, clinicians increasingly rely on troponin assays when formulating individual therapeutic plans.

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10.1186/cvm-2-2-075

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Goldmann, Britta U, Robert H Christenson, Christian W Hamm, Thomas Meinertz and E Magnus Ohman (2001). Implications of troponin testing in clinical medicine. Current controlled trials in cardiovascular medicine, 2(2). pp. 75–84. 10.1186/cvm-2-2-075 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/20593.

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Ohman

Erik Magnus Ohman

Professor of Medicine

Dr. Ohman, Professor of Medicine, received medical degrees from the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland and the National University of Ireland (1984, Fellowship 1984-1987), and completed his training in cardiology at Duke University (1987-1991), where he has remained on faculty. In 2001, he became Chief of Cardiology at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where he founded the UNC Heart Center and became its first director. In 2005 he returned to Duke to pursue his interest in advanced coronary disease as the Director of the Program for Advanced Coronary Disease. Since that time, he has been appointed to Associate Director of the Duke Heart Center, the Kent and Siri Rawson Director for the Program for Advanced Coronary Disease, and most recently, Vice-Chair of Development and Innovation in the Department of Medicine.

Dr. Ohman’s clinical and research interests include interventional cardiology and high-risk supported PCI, and treatment of patients with advanced/complex coronary disease. He has researched how to improve patient care through the use of guidelines-based therapies and adherence, and examining global cardiovascular risk and health. He has been a participant on numerous guidelines writing committees, served on the ACC/AHA oversight committee for guidelines development, and has served on the steering committees for trials on ST-elevation myocardial infarction and non-ST-elevation ACS. He is a consultant to the National Institutes of Health, and a consultant for the FDA Advisory Panel for Cardiovascular Devices. 

Dr. Ohman has published over 600 peer-reviewed papers and three books in cardiovascular medicine. He holds three U.S. patents in reperfusion therapy. He is an associate editor for the American Heart Journal and serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology and the American Journal of Cardiology.  He is a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians in Ireland, the Royal Society of Medicine (U.K.), the European Society of Cardiology, the Society of Cardiac Angiography and Interventions, and the American College of Cardiology. 


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