Dormant shocks and fiscal virtue

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2013-01-01

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Abstract

We develop a theoretical framework to account for the observed instability of the link between inflation and fiscal imbalances across time and countries. Current policymakers' behavior influences agents' beliefs about the way debt will be stabilized. The standard policy mix consists of a virtuous fiscal authority that moves taxes in response to debt and a central bank that has full control over inflation. When policymakers deviate from this virtuous regime, agents conduct Bayesian learning to infer the likely duration of the deviation. As agents observe more and more deviations, they become increasingly pessimistic about a prompt return to the virtuous regime and inflation starts drifting in response to a fiscal imbalance. Shocks that were dormant under the virtuous regime now start manifesting themselves. These changes are initially imperceptible, can unfold over decades, and accelerate as agents' beliefs deteriorate. Dormant shocks explain the run- up of US inflation and uncertainty in the 1970s. The currently low long- term interest rates and inflation expectations might hide the true risk of inflation faced by the US economy. © 2014 by the National Bureau of Economic Research. All rights reserved.

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10.1086/674588

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Bianchi, F, and L Melosi (2013). Dormant shocks and fiscal virtue. NBER Macroeconomics Annual, 28(1). pp. 1–46. 10.1086/674588 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/13125.

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