Single-position prone transpsoas fusion for the treatment of lumbar adjacent segment disease: early experience of twenty-four cases across three tertiary medical centers.



Prone transpsoas fusion (PTP) is a minimally invasive technique that maximizes the benefit of lateral access interbody surgery and the prone positioning for surgically significant adjacent segment disease. The authors describe the feasibility, reproducibility and radiographic efficacy of PTP when performed for cases of lumbar ASD.


Adult patients undergoing PTP for treatment of lumbar ASD at three institutions were retrospectively enrolled. Demographic information was recorded, as was operative data such as adjacent segment levels, operative time, blood loss, laterality of approach, open versus percutaneous pedicle screw instrumentation and need for primary decompression. Radiographic measurements including segmental and global lumbar lordosis, pelvic incidence, pelvic tilt, sacral slope and sagittal vertical axis were recorded both pre- and immediately post-operatively.


Twenty-four patients met criteria for inclusion. Average age was 60.4 ± 10.4 years and average BMI was 31.6 ± 5.0 kg/m2. Total operative time was 204.7 ± 83.3 min with blood loss of 187.9 ± 211 mL. Twenty-one patients had pedicle screw instrumentation exchanged percutaneously and 3 patients had open pedicle screw exchange. Two patients suffered pulmonary embolism that was treated medically with no long-term sequelae. One patient had transient lumbar radicular pain and all patients were discharged home with an average length of stay of 3.0 days (range 1-6). Radiographically, global lumbar lordosis improved by an average of 10.3 ± 9.0 degrees, segmental lordosis by 10.1 ± 13.3 degrees and sagittal vertical axis by 3.2 ± 3.2 cm.


Single-position prone transpsoas lumbar interbody fusion is a clinically reproducible minimally invasive technique that can effectively treat lumbar adjacent segment disease.





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Publication Info

Wang, Timothy Y, Vikram A Mehta, Eric W Sankey, Christopher I Shaffrey, Khoi D Than, William R Taylor, John Pollina, Luiz Pimenta, et al. (2022). Single-position prone transpsoas fusion for the treatment of lumbar adjacent segment disease: early experience of twenty-four cases across three tertiary medical centers. European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society, 31(9). pp. 2255–2261. 10.1007/s00586-022-07255-2 Retrieved from

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Khoi Duc Than

Professor of Neurosurgery

I chose to pursue neurosurgery as a career because of my fascination with the human nervous system. In medical school, I developed a keen interest in the diseases that afflict the brain and spine and gravitated towards the only field where I could help treat these diseases with my own hands. I focus on disorders of the spine where my first goal is to help patients avoid surgery if at all possible. If surgery is needed, I treat patients using the most advanced minimally invasive techniques available in order to minimize pain, blood loss, and hospital stay, while maximizing recovery, neurologic function, and quality of life. In my free time, I enjoy spending time with my family and friends. I am an avid sports fan and love to eat. I try to stay physically fit by going to the gym and playing ice hockey.


Muhammad Abd-El-Barr

Associate Professor of Neurosurgery

As a Neurosurgeon with fellowship training in Spine Surgery, I have dedicated my professional life to treating patients with spine disorders. These include spinal stenosis, spondylolisthesis, scoliosis, herniated discs and spine tumors. I incorporate minimally-invasive spine (MIS) techniques whenever appropriate to minimize pain and length of stay, yet not compromise on achieving the goals of surgery, which is ultimately to get you back to the quality of life you once enjoyed. I was drawn to medicine and neurosurgery for the unique ability to incorporate the latest in technology and neuroscience to making patients better. I will treat you and your loved ones with the same kind of care I would want my loved ones to be treated with. In addition to my clinical practice, I will be working with Duke Bioengineers and Neurobiologists on important basic and translational questions surrounding spinal cord injuries (SCI), which we hope to bring to clinical relevance.

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