Increased in vivo glucose recovery via nitric oxide release.

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The in vivo glucose recovery of subcutaneously implanted nitric oxide (NO)-releasing microdialysis probes was evaluated in a rat model using saturated NO solutions to steadily release NO. Such methodology resulted in a constant NO flux of 162 pmol cm(-2) s(-1) from the probe membrane over 8 h of perfusion daily. The in vivo effects of enhanced localized NO were evaluated by monitoring glucose recovery over a 14 day period, with histological analysis thereafter. A difference in glucose recovery was observed starting at 7 days for probes releasing NO relative to controls. Histological analysis at 14 days revealed lessened inflammatory cell density at the probe surface and decreased capsule thickness. Collectively, the results suggest that intermittent sustained NO release from implant surfaces may improve glucose diffusion for subcutaneously implanted sensors by mitigating the foreign body reaction.





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Nichols, SP, NN Le, B Klitzman and MH Schoenfisch (2011). Increased in vivo glucose recovery via nitric oxide release. Anal Chem, 83(4). pp. 1180–1184. 10.1021/ac103070t Retrieved from

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Bruce Klitzman

Associate Professor Emeritus in Surgery

Our overriding interests are in the fields of tissue engineering, wound healing, biosensors, and long term improvement of medical device implantation. My basic research interests are in the area of physiological mechanisms of optimizing substrate transport to tissue. This broad topic covers studies on a whole animal, whole organ, hemorheological, microvascular, cellular, ultrastructural, and molecular level. The current projects include:
1) control of blood flow and flow distribution in the microcirculation,
2) the effects of long-term synthetic and biologic implants on substrate transport to tissues,
3) tissue engineering; combining isolated cells, especially adult stem cells, with biomaterials to form specialized composite structures for implantation, with particular emphasis on endothelial cell physiology and its alteration by isolation and seeding on biomaterials.
4) decreasing the thrombogenicity of synthetic blood vessels and other blood-contacting devices, and improving their overall performance and biocompatibility.
5) reducing tissue damage resulting from abnormal perfusion (e.g., relative ischemia, anoxia, etc.) and therapies which minimize ischemic damage.
6) biosensor function, particularly glucose sensors in normal and diabetics.
7) measurement of tissue blood flow and oxygenation as an indicator of tissue viability and functional potential.
8) development of biocompatible materials for soft tissue reconstruction or augmentation.
9) improving performance of glaucoma drainage devices by directing a more favorable foreign body reaction
10) wound healing; particularly internal healing around foreign materials and the effect and prevention of microbes around implanted devices.

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