Factors related to posttraumatic stress disorder in adolescence.

Abstract

Studies of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adolescence published from 2000 to 2011 indicate that adolescents are at greater risk of experiencing trauma than either adults or children, and that the prevalence of PTSD among adolescents is 3-57%. Age, gender, type of trauma, and repeated trauma are discussed as factors related to the increased rates of adolescent PTSD. PTSD in adolescence is also associated with suicide, substance abuse, poor social support, academic problems, and poor physical health. PTSD may disrupt biological maturational processes and contribute to the long-term emotion and behavior regulation problems that are often evident in adolescents with the disorder. Recommendations are presented for practice and research regarding the promotion of targeted prevention and intervention services to maximize adolescents' strengths and minimize vulnerabilities. Public policy implications are discussed.

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Citation

Published Version (Please cite this version)

10.1177/1524838012447698

Publication Info

Nooner, Kate B, L Oriana Linares, Jessica Batinjane, Rachel A Kramer, Raul Silva and Marylene Cloitre (2012). Factors related to posttraumatic stress disorder in adolescence. Trauma Violence Abuse, 13(3). pp. 153–166. 10.1177/1524838012447698 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/13515.

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Scholars@Duke

Nooner

Kate B Nooner

Adjunct Associate Professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Dr. Kate Brody Nooner, PhD, ABPP, has NIH-funded research and collaborates with Dr. David Goldston at Duke Psychiatry as part of the National Consortium on Alcohol & Neurodevelopment in Adolescence. She is also a tenured full Professor, Associate Dean for the College of Science and Engineering, and former Department Chair of the Department of Psychology at the University of North Carolina Wilmington.


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