Reason, risk, and reward: Models for libraries and other stakeholders in an evolving scholarly publishing ecosystem

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Scholarly publishing, and scholarly communication more generally, are based on patterns established over many decades and even centuries. Some of these patterns are clearly valuable and intimately related to core values of the academy, but others were based on the exigencies of the past, and new opportunities have brought into question whether it makes sense to persist in supporting old models. New technologies and new publishing models raise the question of how we should fund and operate scholarly publishing and scholarly communication in the future, moving away from a scarcity model based on the exchange of physical goods that restricts access to scholarly literature unless a market-based exchange takes place. This essay describes emerging models that attempt to shift scholarly communication to a more open-access and mission-based approach and that try to retain control of scholarship by academics and the institutions and scholarly societies that support them. It explores changing practices for funding scholarly journals and changing services provided by academic libraries, changes instituted with the end goal of providing more access to more readers, stimulating new scholarship, and removing inefficiencies from a system ready for change. © 2014 by the American Anthropological Association.






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Mangiafico, Paolo, and Kevin L Smith (2014). Reason, risk, and reward: Models for libraries and other stakeholders in an evolving scholarly publishing ecosystem. Cultural Anthropology, 29(2). pp. 216–235. 10.14506/ca29.2.03 Retrieved from

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Paolo Mangiafico

Prof Library Staff

Paolo Mangiafico is the Scholarly Communications Strategist at Duke University, and member of ScholarWorks, a Center for Open Scholarship at Duke University Libraries. He is also Director of the Triangle Scholarly Communication Institute, a program funded by the Mellon Foundation that brings together leading thinkers and innovators from many disciplines and backgrounds to solve problems and develop initiatives that advance equity and access in scholarly communication.

In his role at Duke, Paolo works with librarians, technologists, faculty, students, and university leadership to plan and implement programs that promote ethical and equitable uses of research and publishing technologies, as well as greater reach and impact for scholarship in many forms, including work on open access to publications and data, licensing and copyright issues, ethical use of research metrics, and emerging platforms for publishing digital scholarship. His work focuses on how new technologies can be adapted to further the knowledge-sharing mission of research universities, and the intersection between social, economic, and technical systems.
Paolo previously served as Director of Digital Information Strategy in the Office of the Provost at Duke University, and has been a fellow in the John Hope Franklin Humanities Institute at Duke, led an early digital library project called The Digital Scriptorium as well as Duke Libraries’ Web Services and Research & Development departments, and has served as a consultant for universities, university presses, and government agencies, and as a lecturer in information science and responsible conduct of research. He has served as a member of the Board of Directors of Dryad, a non-profit membership organization supporting a digital repository for research data, and on the advisory boards and steering committees of many other programs, including the Ivy Plus Libraries Confederation, the Coalition of Open Access Policy Institutions, the Libraria collective, the Forum for Scholars and Publics, and DMPTool, among others. His volunteer civic work has included serving as a member of the Board of Trustees of the Durham County Library, being a tutor for the English for Speakers of Other Languages program at the Durham Literacy Center, and serving as a Guardian ad Litem, advocating on behalf of abused and neglected children through the Durham County courts and social services.

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