Cardiac dysregulation following intrahippocampal kainate-induced status epilepticus.


Status epilepticus (SE) is a prevalent disorder associated with significant morbidity, including the development of epilepsy and mortality. Cardiac arrhythmias (i.e. inappropriate sinus tachycardia and bradycardia, asystole, and atrioventricular blocks) are observed in patients following SE. We characterized ictal (during a seizure) and interictal (between seizure) cardiac arrhythmogenesis following SE using continuous electrocardiography and video electroencephalography (vEEG) recordings throughout a 14-day monitoring period in an intrahippocampal chemoconvulsant mouse model that develops epilepsy. We quantified heart rhythm abnormalities and examined whether the frequency of cardiac events correlated with epileptiform activity, circadian (light/dark) cycle, the presence of seizures, and survival during this period of early epileptogenesis (the development of epilepsy) following SE. Shortly following SE, mice developed an increased interictal heart rate and heart rhythm abnormalities (i.e. sinus pause and sinus arrhythmias) when compared to control mice. Heart rhythm abnormalities were more frequent during the light cycle and were not correlated with increased epileptiform activity or seizure frequency. Finally, SE animals had early mortality, and a death event captured during vEEG recording demonstrated severe bradycardia prior to death. These cardiac changes occurred within 14 days after SE and may represent an early risk factor for sudden death following SE.






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Publication Info

Levine, Amber T, Heather A Born, Andrew P Landstrom, Samuel Larson, Wai Ling Lee, An T Dao, Xander H Wehrens, Yi-Chen Lai, et al. (2020). Cardiac dysregulation following intrahippocampal kainate-induced status epilepticus. Scientific reports, 10(1). p. 4043. 10.1038/s41598-020-60324-8 Retrieved from

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Andrew Paul Landstrom

Associate Professor of Pediatrics

Dr. Landstrom is a physician scientist who specializes in the care of children and young adults with arrhythmias, heritable cardiovascular diseases, and sudden unexplained death syndromes. As a clinician, he is trained in pediatric cardiology with a focus on arrhythmias and genetic diseases of the heart.  He specializes in caring for patients with heritable arrhythmia (channelopathies) such as long QT syndrome, Brugada syndrome, catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, and short QT syndrome.  He also specializes in the evaluation of children following a cardiac arrest or after the sudden and unexplained death of a family member.  He has expertise in cardiovascular genetics and uses it to identify individuals in a family who may be at risk of a disease, even if all clinical testing is negative.  As a scientist, he is trained in genetics and cell biology.  He runs a research lab exploring the genetic and molecular causes of arrhythmias, sudden unexplained death syndromes, and heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathies).  He utilizes patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cells and genetic mouse models to identify the mechanisms of cardiovascular genetic disease with the goal of developing novel therapies.

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