Association of Wolff-Parkinson-White With Left Ventricular Noncompaction Cardiomyopathy in Children.


BACKGROUND:Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) has been associated with left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) in children. Little is known about the prevalence of this association, clinical outcomes, and treatment options. METHODS:Retrospective review of subjects with LVNC. LVNC was defined by established criteria; those with congenital heart disease were excluded. Electrocardiograms (ECGs) were reviewed for presence of pre-excitation. Outcomes were compared between those with isolated LVNC and those with WPW and LVNC. RESULTS:A total of 348 patients with LVNC were identified. Thirty-eight (11%) were found to have WPW pattern on ECG, and 84% of those with WPW and LVNC had cardiac dysfunction. In Kaplan-Meier analysis, there was significantly lower freedom from significant dysfunction (ejection fraction ≤ 40%) among those with WPW and LVNC (P < .001). Further analysis showed a higher risk of developing significant dysfunction in patients with WPW and LVNC versus LVNC alone (hazard ratio 4.64 [2.79, 9.90]). Twelve patients underwent an ablation procedure with an acute success rate of 83%. Four patients with cardiac dysfunction were successfully ablated, 3 having improvement in function. CONCLUSION:WPW is common among children with LVNC and is associated with cardiac dysfunction. Ablation therapy can be safely and effectively performed and may result in improvement in function.





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Publication Info

Howard, Taylor S, Santiago O Valdes, Kyle D Hope, Shaine A Morris, Andrew P Landstrom, Andrew E Schneider, Christina Y Miyake, Susan W Denfield, et al. (2019). Association of Wolff-Parkinson-White With Left Ventricular Noncompaction Cardiomyopathy in Children. Journal of cardiac failure, 25(12). pp. 1004–1008. 10.1016/j.cardfail.2019.09.014 Retrieved from

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Andrew Paul Landstrom

Associate Professor of Pediatrics

Dr. Landstrom is a physician scientist who specializes in the care of children and young adults with arrhythmias, heritable cardiovascular diseases, and sudden unexplained death syndromes. As a clinician, he is trained in pediatric cardiology with a focus on arrhythmias and genetic diseases of the heart.  He specializes in caring for patients with heritable arrhythmia (channelopathies) such as long QT syndrome, Brugada syndrome, catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, and short QT syndrome.  He also specializes in the evaluation of children following a cardiac arrest or after the sudden and unexplained death of a family member.  He has expertise in cardiovascular genetics and uses it to identify individuals in a family who may be at risk of a disease, even if all clinical testing is negative.  As a scientist, he is trained in genetics and cell biology.  He runs a research lab exploring the genetic and molecular causes of arrhythmias, sudden unexplained death syndromes, and heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathies).  He utilizes patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cells and genetic mouse models to identify the mechanisms of cardiovascular genetic disease with the goal of developing novel therapies.

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