Differential Effects of Dietary Macronutrients on the Development of Oncogenic KRAS-Mediated Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma.

Abstract

KRAS mutations are prevalent in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and are critical to fostering tumor growth in part by aberrantly rewiring glucose, amino acid, and lipid metabolism. Obesity is a modifiable risk factor for pancreatic cancer. Corroborating this epidemiological observation, mice harboring mutant KRAS are highly vulnerable to obesogenic high-fat diet (HFD) challenges leading to the development of PDAC with high penetrance. However, the contributions of other macronutrient diets, such as diets rich in carbohydrates that are regarded as a more direct source to fuel glycolysis for cancer cell survival and proliferation than HFD, to pancreatic tumorigenesis remain unclear. In this study, we compared the differential effects of a high-carbohydrate diet (HCD), an HFD, and a high-protein diet (HPD) in PDAC development using a mouse model expressing an endogenous level of mutant KRASG12D specifically in pancreatic acinar cells. Our study showed that although with a lower tumorigenic capacity than chronic HFD, chronic HCD promoted acinar-to-ductal metaplasia (ADM) and pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN) lesions with increased inflammation, fibrosis, and cell proliferation compared to the normal diet (ND) in KrasG12D/+ mice. By contrast, chronic HPD showed no significant adverse effects compared to the ND. Furthermore, ablation of pancreatic acinar cell cyclooxygenase 2 (Cox-2) in KrasG12D/+ mice abrogated the adverse effects induced by HCD, suggesting that diet-induced pancreatic inflammation is critical for promoting oncogenic KRAS-mediated neoplasia. These results indicate that diets rich in different macronutrients have differential effects on pancreatic tumorigenesis in which the ensuing inflammation exacerbates the process. Management of macronutrient intake aimed at thwarting inflammation is thus an important preventive strategy for patients harboring oncogenic KRAS.

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Published Version (Please cite this version)

10.3390/cancers14112723

Publication Info

Zhu, Liang, Juntao Ji, Jianjia Ma, Dan Wang, Muyun Liu, James Xianxing Du, Rong Chen, Wei Hou, et al. (2022). Differential Effects of Dietary Macronutrients on the Development of Oncogenic KRAS-Mediated Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma. Cancers, 14(11). p. 2723. 10.3390/cancers14112723 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/26302.

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Scholars@Duke

Abbruzzese

James Abbruzzese

D. C. I. Distinguished Professor of Medical Oncology

My research interests include the clinical study and treatment of pancreatic cancer.


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