Durability and Efficacy of Tricuspid Valve Repair in Patients Undergoing Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation.

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Barac, Yaron D

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Nicoara, Alina

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Bishawi, Muath

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Schroder, Jacob N

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Daneshmand, Mani A

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Hashmi, Nazish K

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Velazquez, Eric

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Rogers, Joseph G

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Patel, Chetan B

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Milano, Carmelo A

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2020-01-02T17:07:59Z

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2020-01-02T17:07:59Z

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2019-12-03

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2020-01-02T17:07:58Z

dc.description.abstract

OBJECTIVES:This study sought to determine the durability of tricuspid valve repair (TVr) performed concurrently with left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation and its association with the development of late right heart failure (RHF). BACKGROUND:Surgical management of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) at the time of LVAD implantation is performed in an attempt to reduce the occurrence of postoperative RHF. Limited data exist regarding the durability of TVr in patients with LVAD as well as its impact on development of late RHF. METHODS:A retrospective review was conducted of consecutive adult patients who underwent durable LVAD implantation and concurrent TVr at the authors' institution between 2009 and 2017. Late RHF was defined as readmission for HF requiring inotropic or diuretic therapy. TVr failure was defined as moderate or severe TR at any follow-up echocardiographic examination after LVAD implantation. RESULTS:A total of 156 patients underwent LVAD and concurrent TVr during the study. Of the total, 59 patients (37.8%) had a failed TVr. The mean duration of echocardiographic follow-up was 23 ± 22 months. Of the 146 patients who were discharged after the index hospitalization, 53 patients (36.3%) developed late RHF. Multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis demonstrated that TVr failure was an independent predictor of late RHF development (hazard ratio: 2.62; 95% confidence interval: 1.38 to 4.96; p = 0.003). CONCLUSION:Failure of TVr in this cohort occurred at a significant rate. Failure of TVr is an independent risk factor for development of late RHF. Future studies should investigate strategies to reduce recurrence of significant TR.

dc.identifier

S2213-1779(19)30734-6

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2213-1779

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2213-1787

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https://hdl.handle.net/10161/19724

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eng

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Elsevier BV

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JACC. Heart failure

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10.1016/j.jchf.2019.08.016

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left ventricular assist device

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right heart failure

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tricuspid valve repair

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Durability and Efficacy of Tricuspid Valve Repair in Patients Undergoing Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation.

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Journal article

duke.contributor.orcid

Nicoara, Alina|0000-0002-3814-6182

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Bishawi, Muath|0000-0002-8906-3600

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Hashmi, Nazish K|0000-0001-9738-3754

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Velazquez, Eric|0000-0003-2245-7477

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School of Medicine

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Duke

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Surgery, Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery

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Surgery

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Clinical Science Departments

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Anesthesiology, Cardiothoracic

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Anesthesiology

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Duke Clinical Research Institute

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Institutes and Centers

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Medicine, Cardiology

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Medicine

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