The Influence of Multilevel Spinal Deformity Surgery on the EuroQol 5 Dimensions' (EQ-5D) Questionnaire and Residential Status in the Elderly: A Prospective, Observational, Multicenter Study.


Study design

Multicenter, international prospective study.


This study investigated the clinical outcome up to 2 years after multi-level spinal deformity surgery in the elderly by reporting the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) of EuroQol 5-dimensions (EQ-5D), EQ-VAS, and residential status.


As an ancillary study of 219 patients ≥60 years with spinal deformity undergoing primary instrumented fusion surgery of ≥5 levels, this study focuses on EQ-5D (3-L) as the primary outcome and EQ-VAS and residential status as secondary outcomes. Data on EQ-5D were compared between pre-operatively and postoperatively at 10 weeks, 12 months, and 24 months. An anchor-based approach was used to calculate the MCID.


The EQ-5D index and EQ-VAS, respectively, improved significantly at each time point compared to pre-operatively (from .53 (SD .21) and 55.6 (SD 23.0) pre-operatively to .64 (SD .18) and 65.8 (SD 18.7) at 10 weeks, .74 (SD .18) and 72.7 (SD 18.1) at 12 months, and .73 (SD .20) and 70.4 (SD 20.4) at 24 months). 217 (99.1%) patients lived at home pre-operatively, while 186 (88.6%), 184 (98.4%), and 172 (100%) did so at 10 weeks, 12 months, and 24 months, respectively. Our calculated MCID for the EQ-5D index at 1 year was .22 (95% CI .15-.29).


The EQ-5D index significantly increased at each time point over 24 months after ≥5 level spinal deformity surgery in elderly patients. The MCID of the EQ-5D-3 L was .22. Patients living at home pre-operatively can expect to be able to live at home 2 years postoperatively.





Published Version (Please cite this version)


Publication Info

Jentzsch, Thorsten, Stephen J Lewis, Colby Oitment, Anna Rienmüller, Allan R Martin, Christopher J Nielsen, Hananel Shear-Yashuv, Marinus de Kleuver, et al. (2023). The Influence of Multilevel Spinal Deformity Surgery on the EuroQol 5 Dimensions' (EQ-5D) Questionnaire and Residential Status in the Elderly: A Prospective, Observational, Multicenter Study. Global spine journal. p. 21925682231162574. 10.1177/21925682231162574 Retrieved from

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Christopher Ignatius Shaffrey

Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery

I have more than 25 years of experience treating patients of all ages with spinal disorders. I have had an interest in the management of spinal disorders since starting my medical education. I performed residencies in both orthopaedic surgery and neurosurgery to gain a comprehensive understanding of the entire range of spinal disorders. My goal has been to find innovative ways to manage the range of spinal conditions, straightforward to complex. I have a focus on managing patients with complex spinal disorders. My patient evaluation and management philosophy is to provide engaged, compassionate care that focuses on providing the simplest and least aggressive treatment option for a particular condition. In many cases, non-operative treatment options exist to improve a patient’s symptoms. I have been actively engaged in clinical research to find the best ways to manage spinal disorders in order to achieve better results with fewer complications.

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