Lessons Learned from the Marine Management Area Science Program: Insights for Global Conservation Science Programs

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© 2015, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Drawing on experiences from the four regions and the overall conduct of the Marine Management Area Science (MMAS) program, this concluding article highlights emergent cross-cutting themes that affected MMAS programs across the regions, summarizes the important conservation outcomes of the MMAS program, and then discusses lessons gained from the actual process of conducting the MMAS program. Based on these insights, particularly the last section, this article concludes with recommendations for other conservation programs, specifically those that are global in scope and are science-based with a specific intent to apply that science to conservation action.






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Hastings, JG, MK Orbach, LB Karrer and L Kaufman (2015). Lessons Learned from the Marine Management Area Science Program: Insights for Global Conservation Science Programs. Coastal Management, 43(2). pp. 189–216. 10.1080/08920753.2015.1005538 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/15421.

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Michael K. Orbach

Professor of the Practice Emeritus of Marine Policy

Dr. Orbach has performed research and has been involved in coastal and marine policy on all coasts of the U.S. and in Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, Alaska and the Pacific, and has published widely on social science and policy in coastal and marine environments. He has worked as a Cultural Anthropologist with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and has held several Governor's appointments to environmental Boards and Commissions as well as appointments to National Academy of Sciences Boards and Committees. He has been the President of The Coastal Society, Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Surfrider Foundation, and a member of the Board of Directors of the Ocean Conservancy.

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