Myocardial Function in Premenopausal Women Treated With Ovarian Function Suppression and an Aromatase Inhibitor.

Abstract

Premenopausal women with high-risk hormone receptor (HR)-positive breast cancer often receive ovarian function suppression (OFS) with aromatase inhibitor therapy; however, abrupt menopause induction, together with further decrements in estrogen exposure through aromatase inhibition, may affect cardiovascular microcirculatory function. We examined adenosine-induced changes in left ventricular (LV) myocardial T1, a potential subclinical marker of LV microcirculatory function in premenopausal women undergoing treatment for breast cancer. Twenty-one premenopausal women (14 with HR-positive breast cancer receiving OFS with an aromatase inhibitor and 7 comparator women with triple-negative breast cancer [TNBC] who had completed primary systemic therapy) underwent serial resting and adenosine cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging measurements of LV myocardial T1 and LV volumes, mass, and ejection fraction. All statistical tests were 2-sided. After a median of 4.0 months (range = 3.1-5.7 months), the stress to resting ratio of LV myocardial T1 declined in women with HR-positive breast cancer (-1.3%, 95% confidence interval [CI] = -3.4% to 0.7%) relative to those with TNBC (3.2%, 95% CI = -1.2% to 7.6%, P = .02). After accounting for age, LV stroke volume, LV ejection fraction, diastolic blood pressure, and breast cancer subtype women with HR-positive breast cancer experienced a blunted T1 response after adenosine relative to women with TNBC (difference = -4.7%, 95% CI = -7.3% to -2.1%, Pdifference = .002). Over the brief interval examined, women with HR-positive breast cancer receiving OFS with an aromatase inhibitor experienced reductions in adenosine-associated changes in LV myocardial T1 relative to women who received nonhormonal therapy for TNBC. These findings suggest a possible adverse impact on LV myocardial microcirculatory function in premenopausal women with breast cancer receiving hormone deprivation therapy.

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10.1093/jncics/pkab071

Publication Info

Jordan, Jennifer H, Ralph B D'Agostino, Katherine Ansley, Emily Douglas, Susan Melin, Steven Sorscher, Sujethra Vasu, Sung Park, et al. (2021). Myocardial Function in Premenopausal Women Treated With Ovarian Function Suppression and an Aromatase Inhibitor. JNCI cancer spectrum, 5(4). 10.1093/jncics/pkab071 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/29967.

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Alexandra Thomas

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