Resuscitation in hip fractures: The practicality and clinical effectiveness of pre-operative resuscitation of patients with hip fracture using blood products

Thumbnail Image



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Citation Stats


Introduction: This study aimed to determine the practicality and estimate the effect of administering pre-operative blood product resuscitation to a consecutive, prospectively recruited cohort of 100 patients admitted to a single centre with a hip fracture with all other treatment unchanged. Method: 100 patients aged 65 years or over admitted acutely to our unit with unilateral fractured femoral neck during the study period were included in this study, regardless of cognitive function. Patients were excluded only if there were relevant medical comorbidities or consent was declined. Each patient was resuscitated with a single unit of packed red cells in the immediate perioperative period in addition to standard care. The primary outcome was to establish the feasibility of the study protocol employed in using blood products to resuscitate eligible patients and recording reasons for any failures to include eligible patients. Additional data regarding mortality at 30 days following injury, subsequent blood product use, any transfusion related adverse reactions and total blood product use was measured. Results: We were able to show that it is safe and practicable to deliver blood as an early resuscitative strategy in the frail elderly hip fracture population. The mortality rate of the study cohort was 3%. No adverse reaction was observed in any of the 99 patients given blood as a result of the resuscitation strategy and no morbidity was seen that could be attributed to the effect of giving blood. The total amount of blood received by comparable cohorts in the study period and the two preceding years were similar. Conclusions: The study suggests that in the hip fracture population it is both practical and beneficial to move away from reactive transfusion regimens, and instead centre efforts instead on optimal resuscitation at the initial presentation.






Published Version (Please cite this version)


Publication Info

Rocos, B, MR Whitehouse, K Walsh, BC Reeves and MB Kelly (2020). Resuscitation in hip fractures: The practicality and clinical effectiveness of pre-operative resuscitation of patients with hip fracture using blood products. Journal of Orthopaedics, 19. pp. 93–97. 10.1016/j.jor.2019.11.010 Retrieved from

This is constructed from limited available data and may be imprecise. To cite this article, please review & use the official citation provided by the journal.



Brett Rocos

Assistant Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery

I joined the team at Duke University Health from London, UK, where I was a Consultant Adult and Paediatric Spine Surgeon at Barts Health NHS Trust and Honorary Consultant Senior Lecturer at Queen Mary University of London. I completed my surgical training in in the South West of the UK and at the University of Toronto, and am fellowship trained in adult spine surgery, paediatric spine surgery, orthopaedic trauma surgery, research and healthcare management.

I am driven to support patients at every stage of their care, from clinic assessment, through surgery to discharge. Making sure that every person, adult, child, family or friend understands what’s wrong, helping them to choose the right treatment for them, and what the recovery will be like is an important priority.

My research activity focusses on finding effective new treatments for spinal disorders and bringing them to patients. Focusing on spinal deformity, I have led investigations in the UK, Canada and the USA, and I sit on the Global AO Knowledge Forum for Deformity and the Research Grants Committee at the Scoliosis Research Society. I have lectured in North America and Europe about the treatment of spine disorders for the Scoliosis Research Society, Global Spine Congress, AO Spine and Eurospine, and I have worked hard to produce research that improves the care for spine patients wherever they live. Lastly, I review for several orthopaedic journals and I am Deputy Editor of the Bone and Joint 360, a leading publication with a global readership.

Unless otherwise indicated, scholarly articles published by Duke faculty members are made available here with a CC-BY-NC (Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial) license, as enabled by the Duke Open Access Policy. If you wish to use the materials in ways not already permitted under CC-BY-NC, please consult the copyright owner. Other materials are made available here through the author’s grant of a non-exclusive license to make their work openly accessible.