'One Health´ approach to end zoonotic TB.


Mycobacterium bovis has a wide host range causing TB in animals, both in wildlife and cattle (bovine TB bTB), and in humans (zoonotic TB zTB). The real burden of bovine and zoonotic TB (b/zTB) remains unknown due to diagnostic challenges. Although progress has been made to reduce the burden of TB, b/zTB has been neglected in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) with little improvement in prevention, diagnosis or treatment. Using Tanzania as a case study, because of its high TB burden, large wildlife diversity and wide reliance on livestock, we developed an approach to comprehensively estimate the burden and implement multidisciplinary actions against b/zTB. We performed a review of the literature on b/zTB, but there is a lack of available data on the b/zTB burden in Tanzania and, notably, on epidemiological indicators other than incidence. We propose a five-action programme to address b/zTB in Tanzania, and we believe our proposed approach could benefit other LMICs as it operates by implementing and strengthening surveillance and health delivery. The resulting knowledge and system organisation could further prevent and mitigate the effects of such conditions on human and animal health, livestock production, population livelihood and the economy.





Published Version (Please cite this version)


Publication Info

Villa, S, M Carugati, MP Rubach, S Cleaveland, SG Mpagama, SS Khan, S Mfinanga, BT Mmbaga, et al. (2023). 'One Health´ approach to end zoonotic TB. The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease : the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 27(2). pp. 101–105. 10.5588/ijtld.22.0393 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/29809.

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Manuela Carugati

Associate Professor of Medicine

Matthew P. Rubach

Associate Professor of Medicine

Blandina Mmbaga

Adjunct Associate Professor of Global Health

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