Growing the roots of STEM majors: Female math and science high school faculty and the participation of students in STEM



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© 2015 Elsevier Ltd.The underrepresentation of women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields is problematic given the economic and social inequities it fosters and the rising global importance of STEM occupations. This paper examines the role of the demographic composition of high school faculty-specifically the proportion of female high school math and science teachers-on college students' decisions to declare and/or major in STEM fields. We analyze longitudinal data from students who spent their academic careers in North Carolina public secondary schools and attended North Carolina public universities. Our results suggest that although the proportion of female math and science teachers at a school has no impact on male students, it has a powerful effect on female students' likelihood of declaring and graduating with a STEM degree, and effects are largest for female students with the highest math skills. The estimates are robust to the inclusion of controls for students' initial ability.






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Bottia, MC, E Stearns, RA Mickelson, S Moller and L Valentino (2015). Growing the roots of STEM majors: Female math and science high school faculty and the participation of students in STEM. Economics of Education Review, 45. pp. 14–27. 10.1016/j.econedurev.2015.01.002 Retrieved from

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