Single-Party Incumbency Advantage in Vietnam: A Conjoint Survey Analysis of Public Electoral Support

Loading...
Thumbnail Image

Date

2020-03-01

Authors

Malesky, E
Schuler, P

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Repository Usage Stats

35
views
193
downloads

Citation Stats

Abstract

© 2020 East Asia Institute. Why do voters in single-party regimes express support for the ruling party in such large numbers? Scholars offer three sets of explanations: 1) Support is manipulated by regime leaders or falsified by frightened voters; 2) Support is due to genuine popularity or performance legitimacy; 3) The incumbent party holds an extreme incumbency advantage due to voters' certainty about their candidates' policy positions or access to state resources. Despite the impressive theoretical development in this literature, these arguments have not been subjected to a research design capable of examining the relative importance of each of these factors. We use a unique survey experiment on nearly 42,000 Vietnamese citizens over three years that reduces the threat of preference falsification and allows us to isolate voter's true preferences as much as possible. While we find some evidence for all three explanations, we find substantial support for incumbency bias. An important subset of Vietnamese voters-those inclined to vote for non-party candidates-sincerely favor the party under conditions of uncertainty about the candidates' policy stances or experience in the legislature.

Department

Description

Provenance

Subjects

Citation

Published Version (Please cite this version)

10.1017/jea.2019.40

Publication Info

Malesky, E, and P Schuler (2020). Single-Party Incumbency Advantage in Vietnam: A Conjoint Survey Analysis of Public Electoral Support. Journal of East Asian Studies, 20(1). pp. 25–52. 10.1017/jea.2019.40 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/22271.

This is constructed from limited available data and may be imprecise. To cite this article, please review & use the official citation provided by the journal.

Scholars@Duke

Malesky

Edmund Malesky

Professor of Political Science

Malesky is a specialist on Southeast Asia, particularly Vietnam. Currently, Malesky's research agenda is very much at the intersection of Comparative and International Political Economy, falling into three major categories: 1) Authoritarian political institutions and their consequences; 2) The political influence of foreign direct investment and multinational corporations; and 3) Political institutions, private business development, and formalization.


Unless otherwise indicated, scholarly articles published by Duke faculty members are made available here with a CC-BY-NC (Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial) license, as enabled by the Duke Open Access Policy. If you wish to use the materials in ways not already permitted under CC-BY-NC, please consult the copyright owner. Other materials are made available here through the author’s grant of a non-exclusive license to make their work openly accessible.