A fast-moving target: achieving marine conservation goals under shifting climate and policies.

Abstract

In the Anthropocene, marine ecosystems are rapidly shifting to new ecological states. Achieving effective conservation of marine biodiversity has become a fast-moving target because of both global climate change and continuous shifts in marine policies. How prepared are we to deal with this crisis? We examined EU Member States Programs of Measures designed for the implementation of EU marine environmental policies, as well as recent European Marine Spatial Plans, and discovered that climate change is rarely considered operationally. Further, our analysis revealed that monitoring programs in marine protected areas are often insufficient to clearly distinguish between impacts of local and global stressors. Finally, we suggest that while the novel global Blue Growth approach may jeopardize previous marine conservation efforts, it can also provide new conservation opportunities. Adaptive management is the way forward (e.g., preserving ecosystem functions in climate change hotspots, and identifying and targeting climate refugia areas for protection) using Marine Spatial Planning as a framework for action, especially given the push for Blue Growth.

Department

Description

Provenance

Citation

Published Version (Please cite this version)

10.1002/eap.2009

Publication Info

Rilov, Gil, Simonetta Fraschetti, Elena Gissi, Carlo Pipitone, Fabio Badalamenti, Laura Tamburello, Elisabetta Menini, Paul Goriup, et al. (2020). A fast-moving target: achieving marine conservation goals under shifting climate and policies. Ecological applications : a publication of the Ecological Society of America, 30(1). p. e02009. 10.1002/eap.2009 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/28780.

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Scholars@Duke

Menini

Elisabetta Menini

Student

Betta is a PhD candidate at the Duke Marine Lab, her background is in Marine Biology and Maritime Spatial Planning. Her academic experience includes studies in invertebrate’s biology and phylogenetic, maritime geopolitics, marine spatial planning carried out across Europe, Australia, and US.

Her PhD currently focuses on deep-sea hydrothermal vents in the context of deep seabed mining on the science-policy interface. Her final aim is to inform policy and decision-making processes with the best available science and best practices examples to implement the use of Area Based Management Tools to protect and manage the deep-sea environment. With the technical team of the Marine Geospatial Ecology Lab, she has been involved in the recent Workshops of the International Seabed Authority for the development of the Regional Environmental Management Plans on the Area. 


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