Comparable satisfaction and clinical outcomes after surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in the adult (AISA) between the US and Japan.



The impact of ethnicity on the surgery outcomes of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in the adult (AISA) is poorly understood. This study aimed to compare the surgery outcomes for AISA between the United States (US) and Japan (JP).


171 surgically treated AISA (20-40y) were consecutively collected from 2 separate multicenter databases. Patients were propensity-score matched for age, gender, curve type, levels fused, and 2y postop spinal alignment. Demographic and radiographic parameters were compared between the US and JP at baseline and 2y post-op.


A total of 108 patients were matched by propensity score (age; US vs. JP: 29 ± 6 vs. 29 ± 7y, females: 76 vs. 76%, curve type [Schwab-SRS TypeT; TypeD; TypeL; TypeN]: 35; 35; 30; 0 vs. 37; 33; 30; 0%)] levels fused: 10 ± 4 vs. 10 ± 4, 2y thoracic curve:17 ± 13 vs. 17 ± 12°, 2y CSVL: 10 ± 8 vs. 11 ± 9 mm). Similar clinical improvement was achieved between US and JP (function; 4.2 ± 0.9 vs 4.3 ± 0.6, p = 0.60, pain; 3.8 ± 0.9 vs 4.1 ± 0.8, p = 0.13, satisfaction; 4.3 ± 0.9 vs 4.2 ± 0.7, p = 0.61, total; 4.0 ± 0.8 vs 4.1 ± 0.5, p = 0.60). The correlation analyzes indicated that postoperative SRS-22 subdomains correlated differently with satisfaction (all subdomains moderately correlated with satisfaction in the US while only pain and mental health correlated moderately with satisfaction in JP ([function: r = 0.61 vs 0.29, pain: r = . 72 vs 0.54, self-image: r = 0.72 vs 0.37, mental health: r = 0.64 vs 0.55]).


Surgery for AISA was similarly effective in the US and JP. Satisfaction for spinal surgery among patients in different countries may not be different unless the procedure limits an individual's unique lifestyle that the patient expected to resume.





Published Version (Please cite this version)


Publication Info

Yagi, Mitsuru, Christopher P Ames, Naobumi Hosogane, Justin S Smith, Christopher I Shaffrey, Frank J Schwab, Virginie Lafage, Shay Bess, et al. (2023). Comparable satisfaction and clinical outcomes after surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in the adult (AISA) between the US and Japan. Journal of orthopaedic science : official journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association, 28(1). pp. 92–97. 10.1016/j.jos.2021.08.014 Retrieved from

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Christopher Ignatius Shaffrey

Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery

I have more than 25 years of experience treating patients of all ages with spinal disorders. I have had an interest in the management of spinal disorders since starting my medical education. I performed residencies in both orthopaedic surgery and neurosurgery to gain a comprehensive understanding of the entire range of spinal disorders. My goal has been to find innovative ways to manage the range of spinal conditions, straightforward to complex. I have a focus on managing patients with complex spinal disorders. My patient evaluation and management philosophy is to provide engaged, compassionate care that focuses on providing the simplest and least aggressive treatment option for a particular condition. In many cases, non-operative treatment options exist to improve a patient’s symptoms. I have been actively engaged in clinical research to find the best ways to manage spinal disorders in order to achieve better results with fewer complications.

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