The Influence of Validation of Pain-Related Thoughts and Feelings on Positive and Negative Affect
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There are an unlimited number of ways a person may respond to someone sharing pain-related thoughts or feelings. Understanding what types of responses may result in positive outcomes for individuals with pain is important, yet limited research has been conducted in this area. The purpose of this dissertation was to understand how validation as a response to verbal disclosures about pain influences positive and negative affect, pain intensity, and pain tolerance as compared to other responses. To examine this question, an experimental design with best friend dyads was used. Participants engaged in a pain induction task and were asked to verbally share about their pain, and either their friend or a research assistant delivered validating, neutral, or invalidating responses. Results found that receiving validating was related to greater positive affect and reduced negative affect as compared to receiving in validating responses, and some group differences emerged between participants who received responses from friends as compared to research assistants.
DepartmentPsychology and Neuroscience
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