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Alcohol use perceptions and risky behaviors—a mixed method study in Moshi, Tanzania

dc.contributor.advisor Abdullah, Abu
dc.contributor.advisor Staton, Catherine A Zhao, Duan 2019-06-07T19:51:28Z 2020-06-05T08:17:07Z 2019
dc.description Master's thesis
dc.description.abstract <p>Background: The Kilimanjaro region has one of the highest rates of reported alcohol use per capita in Tanzania. Alcohol-related risky behaviors pose substantial threats to the health and well-being of alcohol users and people around them. This study sought to provide a better understanding of how risky behaviors are associated with alcohol use perceptions. Methods: This mixed method study took place in the Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Center. Quantitative data on alcohol use, the alcohol use disorder identification tool, alcohol-related consequences, and qualitative data on alcohol use perception and risky behaviors were collected from a hospital- and non-hospital-based sample in Moshi, Tanzania. Latent class analysis was applied to examine alcohol-related risky behaviors. Results: Three classes of risky behavior patterns were identified: “no risky behavior”, “moderate risky behaviors” and “high risky behaviors”. Membership of classes 3 was associated with the most alcohol use quantity and frequency. No association between classes and alcohol-stigma was found. Our qualitative results explored alcohol perceptions and risky behaviors and illustrated their possible associations. Conclusions: Although alcohol stigma may not associate the number of risky behaviors directly, our qualitative result helped us to understand how stigma associates with risky behaviors. This study may serve as a reference for designing and adjusting interventions for alcohol-related injury patients' needs; we can improve interventions by using our knowledge about misconception and stigma and the identified risky behaviors classes as a form of classification system.</p>
dc.subject Health sciences
dc.subject Alcohol stigma
dc.subject Alcohol use
dc.subject Latent class analysis
dc.subject Risky behaviors
dc.subject Tanzania
dc.title Alcohol use perceptions and risky behaviors—a mixed method study in Moshi, Tanzania
dc.type Master's thesis
dc.department DKU- Global Health Master of Science Program
duke.embargo.months 12

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