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COVID-19 and Housing Security: Assessing Equity & Efficiency Across North Carolina’s Emergency Rental Assistance Programs

dc.contributor.advisor Hildebrand, Asher
dc.contributor.author Foley, Emma
dc.date.accessioned 2021-05-07T15:51:33Z
dc.date.available 2021-05-07T15:51:33Z
dc.date.issued 2021-04-19
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/22851
dc.description.abstract COVID-19 has exacerbated the nation’s existing affordable crisis, putting approximately 14 million Americans out of work, and leading to widespread housing insecurity nationwide. This hardship has disproportionately affected renters, many of whom are just a paycheck away from being unable to pay their rent. Estimates show that 30-40 million renters could face eviction due to non-payment of rent. COVID-19 has impacted households differently, with low-income households, households of color, and single-parent households bearing the brunt of financial hardship and housing insecurity. This report explores how government agencies in North Carolina have responded to the emerging housing crisis with emergency rental assistance programs. This research aims to answer the policy question: How have state and local policies and program design elements impacted funding distribution across North Carolina’s emergency rental assistance programs? To answer this question, this project employed mixed methods research including document analysis, qualitative interviews with program administrators, and quantitative analysis of participant data. This analysis finds that renters and program administrators alike experienced a series of challenges accessing and administering ERA programs. Renters often faced accessibility barriers, including limited access to online applications, burdensome documentation requirements, and complex referral processes. Administrators faced challenges including limited administrative funds, inadequate staffing capacity, and limited technological infrastructure to keep up with demand. This report offers a series of recommendations to inform policy making and program implementation across five areas: 1) cross-program collaboration; 2) outreach and referrals; 3) application support; 4) assistance distribution, and; 5) program capacity.
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.subject rental assistance
dc.subject COVID-19
dc.subject housing security
dc.subject North Carolina
dc.subject renters
dc.title COVID-19 and Housing Security: Assessing Equity & Efficiency Across North Carolina’s Emergency Rental Assistance Programs
dc.type Master's project
dc.department The Sanford School of Public Policy
duke.embargo.months 0


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