Compressed Sensing Based Image Restoration Algorithm with Prior Information: Software and Hardware Implementations for Image Guided Therapy
Based on the compressed sensing theorem, we present the integrated software and hardware platform for developing a total-variation based image restoration algorithm by applying prior image information and free-form deformation fields for image guided therapy. The core algorithm we developed solves the image restoration problem for handling missing structures in one image set with prior information, and it enhances the quality of the image and the anatomical information of the volume of the on-board computed tomographic (CT) with limited-angle projections. Through the use of the algorithm, prior anatomical CT scans were used to provide additional information to help reduce radiation doses associated with the improved quality of the image volume produced by on-board Cone-Beam CT, thus reducing the total radiation doses that patients receive and removing distortion artifacts in 3D Digital Tomosynthesis (DTS) and 4D-DTS. The proposed restoration algorithm enables the enhanced resolution of temporal image and provides more anatomical information than conventional reconstructed images.
The performance of the algorithm was determined and evaluated by two built-in parameters in the algorithm, i.e., B-spline resolution and the regularization factor. These parameters can be adjusted to meet different requirements in different imaging applications. Adjustments also can determine the flexibility and accuracy during the restoration of images. Preliminary results have been generated to evaluate the image similarity and deformation effect for phantoms and real patient's case using shifting deformation window. We incorporated a graphics processing unit (GPU) and visualization interface into the calculation platform, as the acceleration tools for medical image processing and analysis. By combining the imaging algorithm with a GPU implementation, we can make the restoration calculation within a reasonable time to enable real-time on-board visualization, and the platform potentially can be applied to solve complicated, clinical-imaging algorithms.
Cone Beam Computed Tomography
Image Guided Therapy
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