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Child work and labour among orphaned and abandoned children in five low and middle income countries.

dc.contributor.author Buckner, M
dc.contributor.author Messer, Lynne Corinne
dc.contributor.author O'Donnell, Karen Jones
dc.contributor.author Ostermann, Jan
dc.contributor.author Pence, Brian Wells
dc.contributor.author Positive Outcomes for Orphans (POFO) Research Team
dc.contributor.author Thielman, Nathan Maclyn
dc.contributor.author Whetten, Kathryn
dc.contributor.author Whetten, Rachel
dc.coverage.spatial England
dc.date.accessioned 2012-09-14T18:46:52Z
dc.date.issued 2011-01-13
dc.identifier http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21232140
dc.identifier 1472-698X-11-1
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10161/5875
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: The care and protection of the estimated 143,000,000 orphaned and abandoned children (OAC) worldwide is of great importance to global policy makers and child service providers in low and middle income countries (LMICs), yet little is known about rates of child labour among OAC, what child and caregiver characteristics predict child engagement in work and labour, or when such work infers with schooling. This study examines rates and correlates of child labour among OAC and associations of child labour with schooling in a cohort of OAC in 5 LMICs. METHODS: The Positive Outcomes for Orphans (POFO) study employed a two-stage random sampling survey methodology to identify 1480 single and double orphans and children abandoned by both parents ages 6-12 living in family settings in five LMICs: Cambodia, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, and Tanzania. Regression models examined child and caregiver associations with: any work versus no work; and with working <21, 21-27, and 28+ hours during the past week, and child labour (UNICEF definition). RESULTS: The majority of OAC (60.7%) engaged in work during the past week, and of those who worked, 17.8% (10.5% of the total sample) worked 28 or more hours. More than one-fifth (21.9%; 13% of the total sample) met UNICEF's child labour definition. Female OAC and those in good health had increased odds of working. OAC living in rural areas, lower household wealth and caregivers not earning an income were associated with increased child labour. Child labour, but not working fewer than 28 hours per week, was associated with decreased school attendance. CONCLUSIONS: One in seven OAC in this study were reported to be engaged in child labour. Policy makers and social service providers need to pay close attention to the demands being placed on female OAC, particularly in rural areas and poor households with limited income sources. Programs to promote OAC school attendance may need to focus on the needs of families as well as the OAC.
dc.language eng
dc.relation.ispartof BMC Int Health Hum Rights
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1186/1472-698X-11-1
dc.title Child work and labour among orphaned and abandoned children in five low and middle income countries.
dc.type Journal article
duke.description.issue 1
duke.description.volume 11
dc.relation.journal BMC International Health and Human Rights
pubs.author-url http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21232140
pubs.begin-page 1
pubs.organisational-group Clinical Science Departments
pubs.organisational-group Community and Family Medicine
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Faculty
pubs.organisational-group Global Health Institute
pubs.organisational-group Institutes and Provost's Academic Units
pubs.organisational-group Medicine
pubs.organisational-group Medicine, Infectious Diseases
pubs.organisational-group Pathology
pubs.organisational-group Sanford School of Public Policy
pubs.organisational-group School of Medicine
pubs.organisational-group School of Nursing
pubs.organisational-group School of Nursing - Secondary Group
pubs.organisational-group Staff
pubs.organisational-group University Institutes and Centers
pubs.publication-status Published online
pubs.volume 11
dc.identifier.eissn 1472-698X


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