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Fatty acid composition of wild anthropoid primate milks.

dc.contributor.author Bazinet, RP
dc.contributor.author Cranfield, MR
dc.contributor.author Dittus, W
dc.contributor.author Glander, Kenneth Earl
dc.contributor.author Milligan, LA
dc.contributor.author Oftedal, OT
dc.contributor.author Power, ML
dc.contributor.author Rapoport, SI
dc.contributor.author Whittier, CA
dc.coverage.spatial England
dc.date.accessioned 2013-02-26T19:48:30Z
dc.date.accessioned 2013-02-26T20:44:36Z
dc.date.accessioned 2013-03-01T15:41:00Z
dc.date.issued 2008-01
dc.identifier https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17916436
dc.identifier S1096-4959(07)00342-9
dc.identifier.issn 1096-4959
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10161/6258
dc.description.abstract Fatty acids in milk reflect the interplay between species-specific physiological mechanisms and maternal diet. Anthropoid primates (apes, Old and New World monkeys) vary in patterns of growth and development and dietary strategies. Milk fatty acid profiles also are predicted to vary widely. This study investigates milk fatty acid composition of five wild anthropoids (Alouatta palliata, Callithrix jacchus, Gorilla beringei beringei, Leontopithecus rosalia, Macaca sinica) to test the null hypothesis of a generalized anthropoid milk fatty acid composition. Milk from New and Old World monkeys had significantly more 8:0 and 10:0 than milk from apes. The leaf eating species G. b. beringei and A. paliatta had a significantly higher proportion of milk 18:3n-3, a fatty acid found primarily in plant lipids. Mean percent composition of 22:6n-3 was significantly different among monkeys and apes, but was similar to the lowest reported values for human milk. Mountain gorillas were unique among anthropoids in the high proportion of milk 20:4n-6. This seems to be unrelated to requirements of a larger brain and may instead reflect species-specific metabolic processes or an unknown source of this fatty acid in the mountain gorilla diet.
dc.language eng
dc.relation.ispartof Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1016/j.cbpb.2007.08.006
dc.relation.replaces http://hdl.handle.net/10161/6238
dc.relation.replaces 10161/6238
dc.relation.replaces http://hdl.handle.net/10161/6248
dc.relation.replaces 10161/6248
dc.subject Animals
dc.subject Fatty Acids
dc.subject Feeding Behavior
dc.subject Female
dc.subject Hominidae
dc.subject Milk
dc.subject Species Specificity
dc.title Fatty acid composition of wild anthropoid primate milks.
dc.type Journal article
pubs.author-url https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17916436
pubs.begin-page 74
pubs.end-page 82
pubs.issue 1
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Evolutionary Anthropology
pubs.organisational-group Trinity College of Arts & Sciences
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 149


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