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Genomics research: world survey of public funding.

dc.contributor.author Cook-Deegan, R
dc.contributor.author Pohlhaus, JR
dc.coverage.spatial England
dc.date.accessioned 2014-07-17T23:53:23Z
dc.date.issued 2008-10-10
dc.identifier http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18847466
dc.identifier 1471-2164-9-472
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/8935
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: Over the past two decades, genomics has evolved as a scientific research discipline. Genomics research was fueled initially by government and nonprofit funding sources, later augmented by private research and development (R&D) funding. Citizens and taxpayers of many countries have funded much of the research, and have expectations about access to the resulting information and knowledge. While access to knowledge gained from all publicly funded research is desired, access is especially important for fields that have broad social impact and stimulate public dialogue. Genomics is one such field, where public concerns are raised for reasons such as health care and insurance implications, as well as personal and ancestral identification. Thus, genomics has grown rapidly as a field, and attracts considerable interest. RESULTS: One way to study the growth of a field of research is to examine its funding. This study focuses on public funding of genomics research, identifying and collecting data from major government and nonprofit organizations around the world, and updating previous estimates of world genomics research funding, including information about geographical origins. We initially identified 89 publicly funded organizations; we requested information about each organization's funding of genomics research. Of these organizations, 48 responded and 34 reported genomics research expenditures (of those that responded but did not supply information, some did not fund such research, others could not quantify it). The figures reported here include all the largest funders and we estimate that we have accounted for most of the genomics research funding from government and nonprofit sources. CONCLUSION: Aggregate spending on genomics research from 34 funding sources averaged around $2.9 billion in 2003-2006. The United States spent more than any other country on genomics research, corresponding to 35% of the overall worldwide public funding (compared to 49% US share of public health research funding for all purposes). When adjusted to genomics funding intensity, however, the United States dropped below Ireland, the United Kingdom, and Canada, as measured both by genomics research expenditure per capita and per Gross Domestic Product.
dc.language eng
dc.relation.ispartof BMC Genomics
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1186/1471-2164-9-472
dc.subject Canada
dc.subject Data Collection
dc.subject Financing, Government
dc.subject Genetic Research
dc.subject Genomics
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Ireland
dc.subject United Kingdom
dc.subject United States
dc.title Genomics research: world survey of public funding.
dc.type Journal article
pubs.author-url http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18847466
pubs.begin-page 472
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Faculty
pubs.publication-status Published online
pubs.volume 9
dc.identifier.eissn 1471-2164


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