Sociodemographic and Psychological Profiles of Pregnant Women Who Consume Alcohol in Moshi, Tanzania: A Latent Class Analysis

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Background: Despite CDC advisories, many pregnant women in Northern Tanzania consume alcohol. The WHO SAFER initiative calls for tailored interventions to target alcohol use during pregnancy in Moshi, Tanzania. Addressing this issue involves understanding the complex alcohol use patterns among pregnant women. Yet, data on pregnant female subgroups and their associated drinking habits in Moshi are lacking, Methods: This cross-sectional study uses secondary data from pregnant women enrolled from Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre's (KCMC’s) Reproductive Health Center (RHC) and Emergency Department (ED). Structured survey questionnaires assess sociodemographic and psychological traits, and alcohol consumption patterns. Basic summary statistics were used to compare pregnant women who consumed alcohol with those who did not. Latent class analysis (LCA) identified distinct subgroups among enrolled pregnant women based on sociodemographic and psychological attributes. Associations between latent classes and alcohol use patterns were evaluated using logistic odds regression (LOR). Results: No significant associations were found between latent groups of pregnant women and alcohol use patterns such as drinking quantity, frequency, or AUD status. Differences in individual sociodemographic and psychological traits between pregnant women who consume alcohol and those who do not were non-significant, except for age. Conclusions: Understanding variations in alcohol use among unique subgroups of pregnant women is essential for the development of targeted interventions to alleviate the burden of alcohol use during pregnancy. LCA identified unique subgroups, yet the study's limited sample size warrants caution. Future efforts should consider the interplay of cultural norms, societal stigma, and personal attitudes toward prenatal alcohol consumption, going beyond traditional sociodemographic factors. Addressing drinking habits among young women is also crucial, as these behaviors may persist into pregnancy.





West, Kirstin (2024). Sociodemographic and Psychological Profiles of Pregnant Women Who Consume Alcohol in Moshi, Tanzania: A Latent Class Analysis. Master's thesis, Duke University. Retrieved from


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