The Impact of a Mother's Wellbeing During Pregnancy on the Human Capital Endowment and Long Term Economic Outcomes of the In Utero Child

Loading...
Thumbnail Image

Date

2014

Authors

Brown, Ryan

Advisors

Thomas, Duncan
Sanders, Seth

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Repository Usage Stats

305
views
829
downloads

Abstract

The focus of this dissertation is to help explore, disentangle, and mechanize the role of the social and physical environment during gestation on the in utero child's later life outcomes. Specifically this work uses theoretical underpinnings adopted from the medical and epidemiological literature to inform the use of various applied econometric techniques on population representative data to rigorously examine the impact of a mother's mental and physical wellbeing during pregnancy on the human capital endowment and long-term economic outcomes of the in utero child. After a brief introduction, the second chapter reexamines the pioneering work by Douglas Almond (2006), which is thought to establish that in utero exposure to an adverse disease environment has a large, negative impact on health and socioeconomic prosperity that reaches well into adulthood. The analysis in this section casts doubt on the identification strategy used in that seminal work, and suggests that conclusions about the deleterious impact of in utero exposure to the influenza pandemic on socioeconomic prosperity in adulthood are, at best, premature. The third and fourth chapters delve into the topic of the impact of a mother's mental health during pregnancy on the birth outcomes of the in utero child. Utilizing two traumatic and unanticipated events, the terrorist attacks of September 11th, 2001 and the surge in Mexican Drug War violence, these chapters provide strong evidence that exposure to increased maternal anxiety has a significant negative impact on the early-life health of the in utero child.

Department

Description

Provenance

Subjects

Citation

Citation

Brown, Ryan (2014). The Impact of a Mother's Wellbeing During Pregnancy on the Human Capital Endowment and Long Term Economic Outcomes of the In Utero Child. Dissertation, Duke University. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/8702.

Collections


Dukes student scholarship is made available to the public using a Creative Commons Attribution / Non-commercial / No derivative (CC-BY-NC-ND) license.