Building Social Equity into Floodplain Buyouts

dc.contributor.advisor

Murray, Grant

dc.contributor.advisor

Fleming, Jason

dc.contributor.author

Lipuma, Sarah

dc.date.accessioned

2021-04-30T15:07:05Z

dc.date.available

2021-04-30T15:07:05Z

dc.date.issued

2021-04-30

dc.department

Nicholas School of the Environment and Earth Sciences

dc.description.abstract

Increasingly frequent flood events have generated greater attention to voluntary floodplain buyouts, a tool to mitigate flood hazards by permanently moving people and properties out of harm’s way. While buyouts hold the promise of reducing flood risk by allowing the land to be used to store stormwater, they can also repeat inequitable practices of the past that have displaced vulnerable communities. Through a literature review, this study discusses the knowledge to date at the nexus between flood risk, social equity, and buyouts. The study uses geospatial tools to identify possible parcels for buyouts in a North Carolina town by focusing on the level of flood risk and proximity to natural areas. The resulting buyout scenarios are compared using a social vulnerability index and physical risk factors. The study concludes with recommendations to land use planners and floodplain managers at the state level for buyout decision-making. Incorporating social vulnerability information into buyout criteria will be valuable to administrators of buyout programs to identify the most at-risk populations, prioritize equity, and direct government funding to buyouts that benefit the entire community.

dc.identifier.uri

https://hdl.handle.net/10161/22686

dc.language.iso

en_US

dc.subject

Flooding

dc.subject

Flood Risk

dc.subject

Buyouts

dc.subject

Climate Change Adaptation

dc.subject

Climate Resilience

dc.subject

Social Vulnerability

dc.title

Building Social Equity into Floodplain Buyouts

dc.type

Master's project

duke.embargo.months

0

Files

Original bundle

Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
Loading...
Thumbnail Image
Name:
Lipuma_FinalMP.pdf
Size:
6.55 MB
Format:
Adobe Portable Document Format
Description: