Relief and Recurrence of Congestion During and After Hospitalization for Acute Heart Failure: Insights From Diuretic Optimization Strategy Evaluation in Acute Decompensated Heart Failure (DOSE-AHF) and Cardiorenal Rescue Study in Acute Decompensated Heart Failure (CARESS-HF).
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BACKGROUND: Congestion is the most frequent cause for hospitalization in acute decompensated heart failure. Although decongestion is a major goal of acute therapy, it is unclear how the clinical components of congestion (eg, peripheral edema, orthopnea) contribute to outcomes after discharge or how well decongestion is maintained. METHODS AND RESULTS: A post hoc analysis was performed of 496 patients enrolled in the Diuretic Optimization Strategy Evaluation in Acute Decompensated Heart Failure (DOSE-AHF) and Cardiorenal Rescue Study in Acute Decompensated Heart Failure (CARRESS-HF) trials during hospitalization with acute decompensated heart failure and clinical congestion. A simple orthodema congestion score was generated based on symptoms of orthopnea (≥2 pillows=2 points, <2 pillows=0 points) and peripheral edema (trace=0 points, moderate=1 point, severe=2 points) at baseline, discharge, and 60-day follow-up. Orthodema scores were classified as absent (score of 0), low-grade (score of 1-2), and high-grade (score of 3-4), and the association with death, rehospitalization, or unscheduled medical visits through 60 days was assessed. At baseline, 65% of patients had high-grade orthodema and 35% had low-grade orthodema. At discharge, 52% patients were free from orthodema at discharge (score=0) and these patients had lower 60-day rates of death, rehospitalization, or unscheduled visits (50%) compared with those with low-grade or high-grade orthodema (52% and 68%, respectively; P=0.038). Of the patients without orthodema at discharge, 27% relapsed to low-grade orthodema and 38% to high-grade orthodema at 60-day follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Increased severity of congestion by a simple orthodema assessment is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Despite intent to relieve congestion, current therapy often fails to relieve orthodema during hospitalization or to prevent recurrence after discharge. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifiers: NCT00608491, NCT00577135.
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Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1161/CIRCHEARTFAILURE.114.001957
Publication InfoAbouEzzeddine, OF; Anstrom, Kevin J; Bart, BA; DeVore, Adam David; Dunlay, SM; Felker, G Michael; ... Vader, JM (2015). Relief and Recurrence of Congestion During and After Hospitalization for Acute Heart Failure: Insights From Diuretic Optimization Strategy Evaluation in Acute Decompensated Heart Failure (DOSE-AHF) and Cardiorenal Rescue Study in Acute Decompensated Heart Failure (CARESS-HF). Circ Heart Fail, 8(4). pp. 741-748. 10.1161/CIRCHEARTFAILURE.114.001957. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10161/11021.
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Professor of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics
My research interests include clinical trials, cost-benefit analysis, health economics, semiparametric estimation, and medical informatics.
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Professor of Medicine
Professor of Medicine
Associate Professor of Medicine
I am a cardiologist with a clinical and research interest in heart failure, including advanced therapies such as cardiac transplantation and mechanical assist devices or “heart pumps." I became a heart failure cardiologist in order to help patients manage their chronic disease over many months and years. I consider myself strongly committed to compassionate patient care with a focus on quality of life and patient preference.My research interests are focused on treating co-morbi
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Ventricular conduction and long-term heart failure outcomes and mortality in African Americans: insights from the Jackson Heart Study. Ahmad, T; Choudhary, G; Curtis, Lesley H; DeVore, Adam David; Dunlay, SM; Eapen, Zubin John; Greiner, Melissa A; ... (14 authors) (Circ Heart Fail, 2015-03)BACKGROUND: QRS prolongation is associated with adverse outcomes in mostly white populations, but its clinical significance is not well established for other groups. We investigated the association between QRS duration and ...
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