Reporting standards for literature searches and report inclusion criteria: making research syntheses more transparent and easy to replicate.
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A complete description of the literature search, including the criteria used for the inclusion of reports after they have been located, used in a research synthesis or meta-analysis is critical if subsequent researchers are to accurately evaluate and reproduce a synthesis' methods and results. Based on previous guidelines and new suggestions, we present a set of focused and detailed standards for reporting the methods used in a literature search. The guidelines cover five search strategies: reference database searches, journal and bibliography searches, searches of the reference lists of reports, citation searches, and direct contact searches. First, we bring together all the unique recommendations made in existing guidelines for research synthesis. Second, we identify gaps in reporting standards for search strategies. Third, we address these gaps by providing new reporting recommendations. Our hope is to facilitate successful evaluation and replication of research synthesis results.
Databases as Topic
Guidelines as Topic
Information Storage and Retrieval
Meta-Analysis as Topic
Periodicals as Topic
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1002/jrsm.1127
Publication InfoAtkinson, K; Cooper, Harris M; Koenka, A; Moshontz, H; & Sanchez, C (2015). Reporting standards for literature searches and report inclusion criteria: making research syntheses more transparent and easy to replicate. Res Synth Methods, 6(1). pp. 87-95. 10.1002/jrsm.1127. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10161/14228.
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Hugo L. Blomquist Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience in Trinity College of Arts and Sciences
Harris Cooper received his Ph.D. in Social Psychology from the University of Connecticut in 1975. From 1977 to 2003, he was on the faculty at the University of Missouri. In 2003, he moved to Duke University where he is now Hugo L. Blomquist Distinguished Professor in the Department of Psychology & Neuroscience. Dr. Cooper has been a Visiting Scholar at Stanford University, the University of Oregon, and the Russell Sage Fou